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BACKGROUND The 2007 American Heart Association guidelines for cardiovascular disease prevention in women drew heavily on results from randomized clinical trials; however, representation of women in trials of cardiovascular disease prevention has not been systematically assessed. METHODS AND RESULTS We abstracted 156 randomized clinical trials cited by the(More)
BACKGROUND Physicians are encouraged to counsel overweight and obese patients to lose weight. PURPOSE It was examined whether discussing weight and use of motivational interviewing techniques (e.g., collaborating, reflective listening) while discussing weight predicted weight loss 3 months after the encounter. METHODS Forty primary care physicians and(More)
W orldwide, cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the largest single cause of death among women, accounting for one third of all deaths. 1 In many countries, including the United States, more women than men die every year of CVD, a fact largely unknown by physicians. 2,3 The public health impact of CVD in women is not related solely to the mortality rate, given(More)
We have investigated the role of the intracellular Ca2+ pool in regulating Ca2+ entry into vascular endothelial cells. The intracellular Ca2+ pool was mobilized using either thapsigargin (TG) or 2',5'-di(tert-butyl)-1,4-benzohydroquinone (BHQ), inhibitors of the endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-adenosinetriphosphatase (ATPase). Mobilization of intracellular(More)
BACKGROUND Warfarin anticoagulation reduces thromboembolic complications in patients with atrial fibrillation or mechanical heart valves, but effective management is complex, and the international normalized ratio (INR) is often outside the target range. As compared with venous plasma testing, point-of-care INR measuring devices allow greater testing(More)
BACKGROUND Anticoagulation can reduce quality of life, and different models of anticoagulation management might have different impacts on satisfaction with this component of medical care. Yet, to our knowledge, there are no scales measuring quality of life and satisfaction with anticoagulation that can be generalized across different models of(More)
PURPOSE Motivational Interviewing (MI) is used to help patients change their behaviors. We sought to determine if physician use of specific MI techniques increases patient satisfaction with the physician and perceived autonomy. METHODS We audio-recorded preventive and chronic care encounters between 40 primary care physicians and 320 of their overweight(More)
Physicians should counsel overweight adolescents about nutrition and exercise. We audio recorded 30 physician-adolescent encounters. Female, older, normal-weight physicians and pediatricians were more Motivational Interviewing (MI) adherent. When physicians used MI skills, patients increased exercise, lost weight, and reduced screen time. Physicians should(More)
Pamela S. Douglas, M.D., Udo Hoffmann, M.D., M.P.H., Manesh R. Patel, M.D., Daniel B. Mark, M.D., M.P.H., Hussein R. Al-Khalidi, Ph.D., Brendan Cavanaugh, M.D., Jason Cole, M.D., Rowena J. Dolor, M.D., Christopher B. Fordyce, M.D., Megan Huang, Ph.D., Muhammad Akram Khan, M.D., Andrzej S. Kosinski, Ph.D., Mitchell W. Krucoff, M.D., Vinay Malhotra, M.D.,(More)
Theresa M. Beckie, PhD; Cheryl Bushnell, MD, MHS, FAHA; Jeanine D’Armiento, MD, PhD; Penny M. Kris-Etherton, PhD, RD; Jing Fang, MD, MS; Theodore G. Ganiats, MD; Antoinette S. Gomes, MD; Clarisa R. Gracia, MD, MSCE; Constance K. Haan, MD, MS; Elizabeth A. Jackson, MD, MPH; Debra R. Judelson, MD; Ellie Kelepouris, MD, FAHA; Carl J. Lavie, MD; Anne Moore,(More)