Rowena Almeida

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Drug related complications, a major cause of hospitalizations, lead to huge economic burden and significant human suffering. New chemical entities enter the market without sufficient safety data on patient population making rare (Adverse Drug Reactions) ADRs undetected in the clinical trials. ADR monitoring helps in detecting the occurrence of rare and(More)
Until recently, chemotherapy for visceral leishmaniasis (VL; also known as kala-azar) was severely limited by factors such as high cost, route of administration, generation of side effects and potential for resistance. Although largely effective, chemotherapies have become available with the introduction of new drugs and multi-drug regimens for VL. These(More)
The diverse and densely populated gastrointestinal microbiota is essential for the regulation of host physiology and immune function. As our knowledge of the composition and function of the intestinal microbiota continues to expand, there is new interest in using these developments to tailor fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) and microbial ecosystem(More)
In the 1970s, pharmacological therapy interrupting the renin-angiotensin system was considered beneficial for patients with high-renin hypertension. This gave rise to the development of ACE inhibitors. Surprisingly, the ACE inhibitors proved to be effective not only in patients with high renin hypertension, but also in many patients with normal levels of(More)
The primary objective of the study was to describe non-relapse mortality (NRM) and the proportion of first events that are deaths in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Secondary objectives were to identify groups at higher risk and to determine whether proportions have changed over time. We performed a systematic review of randomized(More)
Background. The increasing demand for endoscopic procedures coincides with the paradigm shift in health care delivery that emphasizes efficient use of existing resources. However, there is limited literature on the range of endoscopy unit efficiencies. Methods. A time and motion analysis of patient flow through the Hotel-Dieu Hospital (Kingston, Ontario)(More)
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