Roumen Todorov

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The proposed in vitro model for studying the alveolar surface layer of the lungs enables one to investigate the surface intermolecular forces which influence the stability of the alveolus. The general role for the stability of the alveolus belongs to the phospholipids in the alveolar surfactant and predominantly to their main component(More)
Certain physical properties of a range of foam film types that are believed to exist in vivo in the lung have been investigated. The contribution of different lung surfactant components found in porcine lung surfactant to molecular surface diffusion in the plane of foam films has been investigated for the first time. The influence of the type and thickness(More)
Surfactant therapy leads to significant clinical improvement in infants at risk for, or having, respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). The development of exogenous surfactant (ES) as a therapy for neonatal respiratory disorders was a significant advance in neonatal intensive care that has led to a decrease in neonatal mortality. Two broad categories of(More)
The Fluorescence Recovery After Photobleaching (FRAP) method was applied to measure the lateral mobility of the fluorescent lipid analog, dioctadecylindocarbocyanine perchlorate (Dil-C18), in microscopic thin liquid films (Foam Films (FFs)). The foam film structures were comprised of two phosphatidylcholine monolayers adsorbed at air/water interfaces which(More)
An example of the application of the Black Foam Film (BFF) Method and the Wetting Film Method, using the Microinterferomertric and the Pressure Balance Techniques, for characterization interfacial properties of the animal derived therapeutic pulmonary surfactant preparations (TSP), is presented. BFF thickness, probability of black film formation, and(More)
The effect of a rhamnolipid biosurfactant on pulmonary surfactant is studied employing the black foam film method. Pulmonary surfactant is modeled by a commercially available lung surfactant preparation (LSP). The effect of rhamnolipid concentration on the formation and stability of films formed from mixtures of LSP and rhamnolipids is experimentally(More)
The metabolism, composition, structure and functions of the alveolar surfactant (AS) are described. The most adequate biophysical models for investigation of AS are considered. The principals and possibilities of three mostly used models are described in details: Monolayers, Spinning drop method and Thin liquid films. Some of the studies of Bulgarian(More)
The electric light scattering (ELS) of ssDNA (calf thymus, 10 kbp, 55 micrograms/mL) in denaturing polyacrylamide (PAA) solutions was studied as a function of applied sinusoidal electric field and polymer concentration. Electric fields of strengths up to 300 V/cm and of frequencies between 100 and 5000 Hz were applied. It was found that the ELS effect(More)
In the current work we study with monolayer tensiometry and Brewster angle microscopy (BAM) the surface properties of Dipalmitoleoylphosphatidylethanolamine (DPoPE) films at the air/water interface in presence and absence of specific surfactant protein C (SP-C). DPoPE is used, as it readily forms both lamellar (Lα) and non-lamellar inverted hexagonal (HII)(More)
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