Roumeen Islam

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We present new data on the regulation of entry of start-up firms in 85 countries. The data cover the number of procedures, official time, and official cost that a start-up must bear before it can operate legally. The official costs of entry are extremely high in most countries. Countries with heavier regulation of entry have higher corruption and larger(More)
Various papers trying to explain institutional quality have come to conflicting conclusions. This paper shows three things: First, openness is positively and pretty robustly associated with institutional quality. To minimize selection bias we use data sets with the greatest cross country coverage, though we also test the significance of the variables for(More)
A set of enterprise data are presented, based on a survey of more than 10,000 firms in 80 countries that was carried out between late 1999 and mid 2000. In addition to the data, detailed explanations and the core questionnaire are provided in this paper, as well as a presentation of key findings across regions and firm characteristics. The specificity of(More)
Our work in the Czech Republic and in FYR Macedonia demonstrates the importance of including contingent liabilities when assessing the magnitude of the true fiscal adjustment, and when analyzing fiscal sustainability. To the extent that explicit expenditures are shifted off-budget or replaced by the issuance of guarantees, the achieved improvement in fiscal(More)
BACKGROUND Developing cities like Khulna, the third largest metropolitan city in Bangladesh, have now begun to confess the environmental and public health risks associated with uncontrolled dumping of solid wastes mainly due to the active participation of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and community-based organizations (CBOs) in municipal solid waste(More)
This paper presents some general lessons in institution building that has relevance for reform of the judiciary. The paper emphasizes the value of simplicity in design commensurate with country capacity, the importance of innovation/experimentation, and of economic openness in effective institution building. It underscores how the incentives of individuals(More)
Good institutional quality (function) and similar institutional design (form) can promote international trade by reducing transaction costs. We evaluate the relative importance of function versus form in a gravity model, using an indicator of different legal systems as a proxy for differences in form, together with indicators of overall institutional(More)