Rouben M Arutyunyan

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Clastogenic factors are found in the plasma of persons irradiated accidentally or therapeutically. They persisted in the plasma of A-bomb survivors over 30 years. Clastogenic factors were found in 33 of 47 Chernobyl accident recovery workers (often referred to as liquidators) in a previous study (I. Emerit et al., J. Cancer Res. Clin. Oncol. 120, 558-561,(More)
UNLABELLED THE AIM of the present study was the comparative investigation of action of widely applied anticancer preparations: cisplatin (cis-DDP) and bleomycin (BLM) on total DNA and telomeres damage in human blood cells. METHODS The "Comet-FISH technique" -- single cell gel electrophoresis ("comet assay") in combination with fluorescent in situ(More)
Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autosomal recessive disease predominantly affecting Armenians and non-Ashkenazi Jews. The disease begins in childhood with paroxysmal attacks of pain and fever accompanied by peritonitis, pleuritis, and synovitis. During the acute phase, there is a massive influx of polymorphonuclear leukocytes into the serosal(More)
A three-color chromosome painting technique was used to examine the spontaneous and radiation-induced chromosomal damage in peripheral lymphocytes and lymphoblastoid cells from 11 patients with ataxia telangiectasia (AT) and from 14 individuals heterozygous for an AT allele. In addition, cells from two homozygous and six obligate heterozygous carriers of(More)
Clastogenic factors were first described in the plasma of people who had been accidentally or therapeutically irradiated. They were found also in A-bomb survivors, where they persisted for many years after the irradiation. The present study searched for these factors in the plasma of 32 civil workers from Armenia, who had been engaged as "liquidators"(More)
Clastogenic factors (CFs) were first described in the blood of persons irradiated accidentally or for therapeutic reasons. Work of our laboratory has shown that they occur also under other circumstances, which are characterized by oxidative stress, and that CF-induced chromosome damage is regularly prevented by superoxide dismutase (SOD). Recently we found(More)
The Comet-assay was applied to three transformed cell lines (HT1080, CCRF-CEM line and CHO) which were treated with the cytostatics bleomycin (BLM) or mitomycin C (MMC). In addition, PNA probes for the telomere repeat (TTAGGG)(n) were used for detection of telomeric DNA sequences in the damaged DNA. Data were compared with previously obtained results from(More)
The city of Yerevan, the capital of Armenia, has been one of the heavily polluted cities since the earlier USSR era. A Chloroprene Rubber Industrial Plant has been the major contributor of air pollution in this city. The first attempt has been undertaken to detect the mutagenic effect of the ambient air around this industrial complex using the(More)
The "pigmented xerodermoid" was previously defined on the basis of mild clinical symptoms that suggested it might be similar to but distinct from xeroderma pigmentosum (XP). XP and pigmented xerodermoid cell cultures were irradiated with ultraviolet light and unscheduled DNA synthesis, strand breakage during repair, chain growth during semiconservative DNA(More)
For the optimal use of anticancer drugs a knowledge of the whole spectrum of side-effects is required. A potential hazard, so far only scarcely investigated, is uncontrolled effects of drugs such as bleomycin (BLM) and mitomycin C (MMC) on telomere shortening in non-cancerous tissues of the treated person. For the first time, directly labelled(More)