Rotraut Merkle

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The kinetics of stoichiometry change of an oxide--a prototype of a simple solid-state reaction and a process of substantial technological relevance--is studied and analyzed in great detail. Oxygen incorporation into strontium titanate was chosen as a model process. The complete reaction can be phenomenologically and mechanistically understood beginning with(More)
A potentiometric sensor device based on screen-printed Nasicon films was investigated. In order to transfer the promising sensor concept of an open sodium titanate reference to thick film technology, "sodium-rich" and "sodium-poor" formulations were compared. While the "sodium-rich" composition was found to react with the ion conducting Nasicon during(More)
The formation and migration of oxygen vacancies in the series of (La,Sr)(Co,Fe)O(3-δ) perovskites, which can be used as mixed conducting SOFC cathode materials and oxygen permeation membranes, are explored in detail by means of first principles density functional calculations. Structure distortions, charge redistributions and transition state energies(More)
Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) are under intensive investigation since the 1980's as these devices open the way for ecologically clean direct conversion of the chemical energy into electricity, avoiding the efficiency limitation by Carnot's cycle for thermochemical conversion. However, the practical development of SOFC faces a number of unresolved(More)
We present a study of the radial structure of a spherical polyelectrolyte brushes by anomalous small-angle X-ray scattering. The spherical polyelectrolyte brushes consist of a solid poly(styrene) core of ca. 100 nm diameter onto which long linear chains of poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) are densely grafted. A sufficiently high pH, these polyelectrolyte chains are(More)
The overall proton conductivity of polycrystalline acceptor-doped BaZrO(3) is limited by the high resistivity of its grain boundaries. To investigate the nature of the electrical response of the grain boundaries as a function of the DC bias, Y-doped BaZrO(3) ceramics with a very large grain size (up to 200 μm) have been prepared in an infrared image(More)
Conductivity measurements were performed on microcrystalline and nanocrystalline ceria (undoped and doped) in dry as well as wet atmosphere. Below 200-250 °C, the nanocrystalline samples exhibit an enhanced total conductivity under wet conditions, which increases with decreasing temperature. In addition, thermo-gravimetric analysis revealed a strong water(More)
The oxidation kinetics of thin polycrystalline Ni films is of fundamental interest as well as being relevant for potential applications. It was investigated between 250 and 500 °C for 10-150 nm thick films. Even for the thinnest films, oxidation was found to be diffusion controlled. The high density of grain boundaries in the formed NiO layer leads to a(More)
The proton conductivity of mixed hole-, oxygen ion- and proton-conducting Ba0.5Sr0.5Fe0.8Zn0.2O3-δ (BSFZ), a potential cathode material for fuel cells based on oxidic proton-conducting electrolytes, was determined from the weight changes of dense pellets upon changing pH2O (and pD2O). The obtained proton concentrations at 20 mbar pH2O range from 1.3 to 0.32(More)