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Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a frequent consequence of vehicle, sport and war related injuries. More than 90% of TBI patients suffer mild injury (mTBI). However, the pathologies underlying the disease are poorly understood and treatment modalities are limited. We report here that in mice, the potent PKC activator bryostatin1 protects against mTBI induced(More)
Hierarchal transcriptional regulatory networks function to control the correct spatiotemporal patterning of the mammalian skeletal system. One such factor, the forkhead box transcription factor FOXC1 is necessary for the correct formation of the axial and craniofacial skeleton. Previous studies have demonstrated that the frontal and parietal bones of the(More)
Infiltrating cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) are important immune effectors that damage the myocardium during heart transplant rejection as well as in cardiomyopathy and Chagas' heart disease. We have previously shown that in an in vitro model of murine-derived peritoneal exudate CTL (PEL)-guinea pig ventricular myocyte interaction, PEL induced in conjugated(More)
Somitogenesis is a fundamental segmentation process that forms the vertebrate body plan. A network of transcription factors is essential in establishing the spatial temporal order of this process. One such transcription factor is mesp-ba which has an important role in determining somite boundary formation. Its expression in somitogenesis is tightly(More)
CTL, primary effectors in immune responses, deliver a "lethal hit" signal to target cells, causing their destruction. The precise membrane events associated with the lethal hit remain elusive. We investigated the signal(s) mediating destruction of tumor target cells (EL4) by perforin-deficient peritoneal exudate CTL (PEL). We utilized patch clamp techniques(More)
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