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BACKGROUND Alcohol is an important determinant of the high and fluctuating adult mortality rates in Russia, but cause-specific detail is lacking. Our case-control study investigated the effects of alcohol consumption on male and female cause-specific mortality. METHODS In three Russian industrial cities with typical 1990s mortality patterns (Tomsk,(More)
BACKGROUND Russian adults have extraordinarily high rates of premature death. Retrospective enquiries to the families of about 50,000 deceased Russians had found excess vodka use among those dying from external causes (accident, suicide, violence) and eight particular disease groupings. We now seek prospective evidence of these associations. METHODS In(More)
BACKGROUND In rats, low-frequency electroneurostimulation (ENS) of the ear afferent vagus endings and brainstem structures via transauricular electroacupuncture increases the parasympathetic tone of the autonomic nervous system. We examined the effects of ENS applied in the preoperative period in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) who underwent(More)
We studied rhythmoinotropic reactions of the myocardium in rats with postinfarction cardiosclerosis and in rats with postinfarction cardiosclerosis against the background of streptozotocin-induced diabetes. Inotropic myocardial response in rats with postinfarction cardiosclerosis was significantly inhibited after rest periods, while in streptozotocin(More)
Background Chronic heart failure (CHF) is increasing in prevalence. Patients with CHF usually have co-morbid conditions, but these have been subjected to little research and consequently there is a paucity of guidance on how to manage them. Obesity and diabetes mellitus are common antecedents of CHF and often complicate management and influence outcome.(More)
AIM To evaluate effects of histochrome on severity of reperfusion damage in opening of the coronary artery in patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI). MATERIAL AND METHODS 86 acute MI patients were randomized into three groups. 26 patients of group 1 A received 100 mg histochrome 10 min before and 1 hour after intravenous bolus administration of(More)
A randomized controlled study included 44 patients with acute myocardial infarction. It was found that intracoronary injection of bone marrow mononuclear cells is safe, ensures fixation of the injected cells in the myocardium, reduces blood levels of IL-1beta and TNF-alpha, increases the content insulin-like growth factor, and does not provoke malignant(More)
The role of A2350G polymorphism in exon 17 of the ACE gene and A1166C - in 3'-UTR of the AGTR1 in the pathogenesis of left ventricular hypertrophy was studied in patients with essential hypertension (EH) and arterial hypertension combined with diabetes mellitus type 2 (AH + DM2). Patients with EH and AH + DM2 did not differ from the control sample of(More)
Human hepatoma HepG2 cells were used to study the effects of cholesterol loading and depletion on apolipoprotein B (apoB) secretion and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor activity. Exposure of HepG2 cells to cholesterol and oleic acid, which elevated intracellular cholesterol levels, stimulated apoB secretion and reduced receptor-mediated uptake of LDL,(More)
The purpose of the study was to investigate the character of clinical and functional manifestations of ischemic cardiac dysfunction in patients with idiopathic coronary microangiopathy, and their correlation with insulin level, as a possible diagnostic criterion of coronary heart disease (CHD). The subjects were 115 men, including 35 individuals (mean age(More)