Rostislav S. Karpov

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BACKGROUND Alcohol is an important determinant of the high and fluctuating adult mortality rates in Russia, but cause-specific detail is lacking. Our case-control study investigated the effects of alcohol consumption on male and female cause-specific mortality. METHODS In three Russian industrial cities with typical 1990s mortality patterns (Tomsk,(More)
BACKGROUND Russian adults have extraordinarily high rates of premature death. Retrospective enquiries to the families of about 50,000 deceased Russians had found excess vodka use among those dying from external causes (accident, suicide, violence) and eight particular disease groupings. We now seek prospective evidence of these associations. METHODS In(More)
AIMS The aim of our study was to detect chronic total occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD), circumflex coronary artery (Cx), and right coronary artery (RCA) using transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) in 110 consecutive patients who underwent coronary angiography for investigation of angina. METHODS AND RESULTS Coronary blood(More)
A randomized controlled study included 44 patients with acute myocardial infarction. It was found that intracoronary injection of bone marrow mononuclear cells is safe, ensures fixation of the injected cells in the myocardium, reduces blood levels of IL-1β and TNF-α, increases the content insulin-like growth factor, and does not provoke malignant(More)
The association of genetic markers at the apolipoprotein B gene (APOB) (XbaI, MspI, and EcoRI polymorphisms) and the lipoprotein lipase gene (LPL) (PvuII polymorphism) with coronary artery disease (CAD) and with variation in plasma lipid levels (total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and total triglycerides) was studied in 94 male patients(More)
Allele and genotype frequencies of the T174M polymorphism of the angiotensinogen gene were for the first time estimated in the West Siberian population. The polymorphism was tested for association with coronary atherosclerosis (CAS) and with several quantitative risk factors in patients with angiographically verified CAS, healthy individuals, and in a(More)
Data on polymorphism of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and endothelial cell nitric oxide synthase (NOS3) genes in patients having arterial hypertension (AH) with or without left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and those with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) are presented. An association between polymorphism for the ACE and NOS3 loci and the LVH(More)
The role of A2350G polymorphism in exon 17 of the ACE gene and A1166C - in 3'-UTR of the AGTR1 in the pathogenesis of left ventricular hypertrophy was studied in patients with essential hypertension (EH) and arterial hypertension combined with diabetes mellitus type 2 (AH + DM2). Patients with EH and AH + DM2 did not differ from the control sample of(More)
AIM AND METHODS The role of simultaneous transesophageal Doppler assessment of coronary flow reserve (CFR) in the left anterior descending artery (LAD) and coronary sinus (CS) in the diagnostics of hemodynamically significant LAD stenoses of various localization was studied in 16 CAD patients with angiographically proven >50% stenotic atherosclerosis of the(More)
Adverse cardiac remodeling leads to impaired ventricular function and heart failure, remaining a major cause of mortality and morbidity in patients with acute myocardial infarction. It have been shown that, even if all the recommended therapies for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction are performed, one third of patients undergoes progressive cardiac(More)