Rossitza Ts Konakchieva

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The pituitary-adrenal secretory response to acute and chronic stress, suppressibility of adrenocortical secretions by exogenous glucocorticoids, and hypothalamic content and in vitro release of the two major peptidergic activators of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) and arginine-vasopressin (AVP), were(More)
Transient exposure of rats to high doses of dexamethasone (DEX; 500 microg/day for 5 days) produced a host of symptoms that are indicative of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis dysregulation, such as increased adrenocortical secretion over 24 h, blunted and prolonged secretory response to emotional stress, refractoriness of adrenocorticotropin in(More)
1. The effects of chronic melatonin treatment on glucocorticoid binding sites in hippocampus, hypothalamus and pituitary were investigated in rats, subjected to long-term manipulation of circulating corticosterone concentrations. 2. Melatonin treatment decreased the affinity of glucocorticoid receptors. 3. The effect of melatonin was apparent in the(More)
Three pineal methoxyindoles (melatonin (Mel), 5-methoxytryptamine (5-MTA) and 5-methoxytryptophol (5-MTO)) were studied for their ability to influence the proliferative response of human peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) and tonsillar lymphocytes (TL) following activation with concanavalin A (ConA) in vitro. The ConA-stimulated DNA synthesis was affected(More)
Fetal stem cells possess some intriguing characteristics, which delineate them as promising cellular therapeutics. They are less immunogenic, at lower stage of differentiation and have higher potential for repopulation and migration. Furthermore, the fetal stem cells secrete a set of cytokines and growth factors, which stimulate the regeneration of the(More)
BACKGROUND This study was done to clarify the relation between melatonin secretion and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. MATERIAL/METHODS In this clinical study using a follow-up approach, we investigated the circadian melatonin secretion and immune parameters of patients with corticotropin-dependent (Cushing's disease) and(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the effect of nitric oxide (NO) on atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and progesterone (P) production by human granulose luteinized cells (GLC) in vitro and to elucidate their role on the survival of cultured cells. METHODS Human GLCs were cultured in HAM's F10/10% FCS as monolayers for 24 h. Subsequently GLCs were treated for 24 h with(More)
During inhalation anaesthesia lung epithelial cells are directly exposed to halogenated hydrocarbons such as halothane. Information about the effects of volatile anaesthetics on lung cells is rather limited although their noxious effect on the A549 alveolar cells has been shown recently. The present study indicated that halothane decreases cell viability,(More)