Rossella Paolini

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The high affinity receptor for immunoglobulin (Ig) E on mast cells, along with the antigen receptors on T and B cells and Fc receptors for IgG, belongs to a class of receptors which lack intrinsic kinase activity, but activate non-receptor tyrosine and serine/threonine kinases. Receptor engagement triggers a chain of signaling events leading from protein(More)
Antigen receptors on T- and B-cells activate Ras through a signaling pathway that results in the tyrosine phosphorylation of Shc and the formation of a complex of Shc with the Grb2 adaptor protein. The high affinity receptor for immunoglobulin E (FcepsilonRI) in cultured mast (RBL-2H3) cells has been reported to function differently. Here we show to the(More)
Multiubiquitination of proteins is a critical step leading to selective degradation for many polypeptides. Therefore, activation-induced multiubiquitination of cell surface receptors, such as the platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) receptor and the T cell antigen (TCR) receptor, may correspond to a degradation pathway for ligand-receptor complexes. Here(More)
Engagement of the high affinity receptor for IgE (FcepsilonRI) on mast cells and basophils results in FcepsilonRI beta and gamma subunits ubiquitination by an as yet undefined mechanism. Here we show that, upon FcepsilonRI engagement on RBL-2H3 cells Syk undergoes ubiquitination and Syk kinase activity is required for its own ubiquitination and that of(More)
Triggering of mast cells and basophils by IgE and Ag initiates a cascade of biochemical events that lead to cell degranulation and the release of allergic mediators. Receptor aggregation also induces a series of biochemical events capable of limiting FcepsilonRI-triggered signals and functional responses. Relevant to this, we have recently demonstrated that(More)
The role of protein kinase C (PK-C) in the early metabolic events involved in human natural killer (NK) cell activation has been studied through the action of PK-C-specific activators and inhibitors. Highly purified human large granular lymphocytes (LGL) were treated for 1 hr with the diacylglycerol analog 1-oleoyl-2-acetyl glycerol (OAG) (10(-4)-10(-5)(More)
Natural killer (NK) immune cells mediate antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) by aggregating FcγRIIIA/CD16, contributing significantly to the therapeutic effect of CD20 monoclonal antibodies (mAb). In this study, we show that CD16 ligation on primary human NK cells by the anti-CD20 mAb rituximab or ofatumumab stably impairs the spontaneous(More)
The effects of oral exposure for nearly 6 months to Cd (200 or 400 ppm) on rat natural killer (NK) activity were investigated. No significant differences in body and thymus weights were observed. Peripheral blood lymphocyte (PBL) number was consistently higher in treated rats throughout the treatment; the number of spleen cells decreased during the first 50(More)
We have studied the effects of the steroid hormones, 17 beta-estradiol and dexamethasone, on the relative proportion of thymocyte expression of CD4 (L3T4), CD8 (Ly-2), TCR and IL-2R, used to identify different stages of thymocyte differentiation. After short-term in vivo steroid treatment, a significant decrease in the number and proportion of the(More)
Triggering of mast cells and basophils by immunoglobulin E (IgE) and antigen induces various biochemical signals, including tyrosine kinase activation, which lead to cell degranulation and the release of mediators of the allergic reaction. The high-affinity receptor for IgE (Fc epsilon RI) responsible for initiating these events is a complex structure(More)