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BACKGROUND Dickkopf-1 (DKK-1) is a major regulator of the Wnt signaling pathway, involved in inflammation, atherogenesis, and the regulation of glucose metabolism. Because platelets are major contributors to circulating levels of DKK-1 in other clinical settings, we aimed at characterizing the platelet contribution to DKK-1 in type 2 diabetes mellitus(More)
BACKGROUND Interindividual variability in response to aspirin has been popularized as 'resistance'. We hypothesized that faster recovery of platelet cyclooxygenase-1 activity may explain incomplete thromboxane (TX) inhibition during the 24-h dosing interval. OBJECTIVE To characterize the kinetics and determinants of platelet cyclooxygenase-1 recovery in(More)
Obesity is associated with increased cardiovascular disease. Metabolic syndrome (MS) identifies substantial additional cardiovascular risk beyond the individual risk factors, and is a powerful predictor of cardiovascular events even regardless of body mass index, thus suggesting a common downstream pathway conferring increased cardiovascular risk. Platelet(More)
Platelets critically contribute to atherothrombosis and worsening ischaemia in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD), eventually leading to critical limb ischaemia (CLI). Furthermore, persistent platelet activation despite antiplatelet therapy has been reported in this setting. The prostacyclin analogue iloprost is currently recommended in CLI(More)
BACKGROUND Platelet activation is involved in acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Incomplete suppression by low-dose aspirin treatment of thromboxane (TX) metabolite excretion (urinary 11-dehydro-TXB2) is predictive of vascular events in high-risk patients. Myeloid-related protein (MRP)-8/14 is a heterodimer secreted on activation of platelets, monocytes, and(More)
CONTEXT The receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE) has been implicated in obesity-related metabolic disease and accelerated atherothrombosis. OBJECTIVE We tested the hypothesis that changes in endogenous secretory (es)RAGE levels as a result of excess adiposity and oxidative stress may contribute to enhancing platelet activation in obese(More)
BACKGROUND Circulating pentraxin 3 (PTX3), the main regulator of the inflammatory response, rapidly increases following cardiovascular events, and low PTX3 is associated with high body mass index. METHODSANDRESULTS We conducted a 12-month longitudinal study, to test the hypothesis that laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB)-induced weight loss was(More)
OBJECTIVES We examined the time-dependent effects of atorvastatin and rosuvastatin on in vivo oxidative stress and platelet activation, to assess whether these phenomena are related to any pleiotropic effect of any statin or to their LDL-lowering effect. We also asked whether the presence of specific allele frequencies in carriers of the 3'UTR/lectin-like(More)
Sedentary lifestyle is a risk factor for the development of cardiovascular disease, and leads to a quantifiable impairment in vascular function and arterial wall stiffening. We tested the hypothesis of oxidative stress as a determinant of arterial stiffness (AS) in physically inactive subjects, and challenged the reversibility of these processes after the(More)
Platelet activation plays a key role in atherothrombosis in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and increased in vivo platelet activation with enhanced thromboxane (TX) biosynthesis has been reported in patients with impairment of glucose metabolism even in the earlier stages of disease and in the preclinical phases. In this regards, platelets appear as(More)