Rossella Galati

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Functional telomeres are required for the replicability of cancer cells. The G-rich strand of telomeric DNA can fold into a 4-stranded structure known as the G-quadruplex (G4), whose stabilization alters telomere function limiting cancer cell growth. Therefore, the G4 ligand RHPS4 may possess antitumor activity. Here, we show that RHPS4 triggers a rapid and(More)
Here we show that pemetrexed-treated mesothelioma cells undergo accelerated senescence. This is characterized by the secretion of proinflammatory and mitogenic cytokines, reminiscent of an SASP (senescence-associated secretory phenotype). Conditioned media from senescent MPM (malignant pleural mesothelioma) cells trigger the emergence of EMT(More)
Gene-environment interactions play an important role in folate metabolism, with a potential impact on human health. Deficiencies in the uptake of key micronutrients and variant genotypes can affect the folic acid cycle, modulating methyl group transfer in key processes and leading to increased cancer risk and Down syndrome incidence. So far, the(More)
Inter-individual variation in response to exposure to carcinogens has been ascribed to differences in carcinogen metabolism as well as to variability in DNA repair capacity (DRC). In order to investigate the role of inherited and acquired factors on individual variation in DNA repair capacity, a mutagen sensitivity assay was carried out on 31 healthy(More)
The introduction of HAART (highly-active-antiretroviral-therapy) has resulted in extended survival of HIV positive patients. Conversely, due to the prolonged expectancy of life and the ageing of the HIV positive population, tumors are now one of the major cause of death, and among them hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has become a growing concern in these(More)
It is well known that oxidative stress can lead to chronic inflammation which, in turn, could mediate most chronic diseases including cancer. Oxidants have been implicated in the activity of crocidolite and amosite, the most powerful types of asbestos associated to the occurrence of mesothelioma. Currently rates of mesothelioma are rising and estimates(More)
The exposure to DNA reactive carcinogens is known to elicit a specific humoral immunological response, with the production of antibodies toward the carcinogen adducts. Consequently, the presence of circulating anti-carcinogen antibodies has been proposed as a marker of carcinogen exposure, and as a potential modulating factor in chemical carcinogenesis. In(More)
BACKGROUND The human embryonic lethal abnormal vision (ELAV)-like protein HuR is a messenger RNA (mRNA)-binding protein that controls the stability of certain transcripts, including cyclooxygenase2 (COX-2). METHODS To investigate a possible contribution of dysregulation of mRNA stability to the progression of cancer and to COX-2 over expression in(More)
The aim of the present report was to establish the optimal conditions for the detection of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon adducted to DNA by enzyme-linked immunoadsorbent assays (ELISA). Racemic 7,t-8-dihydroxy-t-9,10-epoxy-7,8,9,10-tetrahydro-benzo[a]pyrene ((+/-)-anti-BPDE) modified DNA samples were produced in vitro, by reacting (+/-)-anti-BPDE with(More)
An immunoenzymatic method for the quantitation of adriamycin (ADM) content in tissues as well as in tumor cells has been developed. This procedure has three main advantages. Firstly, it is possible to carry out the determination on whole homogenates and blood serum, thus avoiding the extractive procedures. Secondly, very low ADM concentrations (0.2 ng) can(More)