Rossana Cavallo

Learn More
Bartonella henselae is the causative agent of cat scratch disease (CSD), a self-limiting condition characterized by a subacute regional lymphadenopathy that may develop into disseminated bartonellosis in immunocompromised subjects. Mice experimentally infected with B. henselae display typical liver and spleen granulomas rich in T cells and macrophages. So(More)
BACKGROUND Infliximab is used for refractory Crohn's disease but there are concerns regarding long-term safety. Recently, JC-polyomavirus (JCV) was studied after 3 cases of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) were found after treatment with natalizumab. The aim of this study was to investigate the short-term effect of infliximab on reactivation(More)
Relationships between viruses and autoimmune diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are still elusive. Recent reports demonstrated the association of some viral infections with peculiar clinical events in the general population, such as cytomegalovirus (CMV) with arterial damage and Parvovirus B19 (PV-B19) with hematologic abnormalities. We(More)
To investigate an association between KI and WU polyomavirus (KIPyV and WUPyV) infections and CD4+ cell counts, we tested HIV-1-positive patients and blood donors. No association was found between cell counts and virus infections in HIV-1-positive patients. Frequency of KIPyV infection was similar for both groups. WUPyV was more frequent in HIV-1-positive(More)
BACKGROUND The lower respiratory tract is a latency site of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV); however, its pathogenic role is poorly known, particularly in transplant patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and role of EBV in bronchoalveolar lavages (BAL) from transplant recipients (TR) in comparison with nontransplant (NT) patients. (More)
The monitoring of herpesvirus infection plays a central role in lung transplantation (LT). Herein we evaluated the prevalence of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV), human herpesvirus-6 (HHV-6), human herpesvirus-7 (HHV-7), and Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) DNA in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and transbronchial biopsy (TBB) specimens from LT patients. We associated the(More)
Rapid detection and subtyping of H5 and H7 subtypes influenza A viruses are important for disease control in poultry and potential transmission to humans. Currently, virus isolation and subsequent HA and NA subtyping constitute the standard for avian influenza viruses detection and subtype identification. These methods are highly accurate and sensitive but(More)
BACKGROUND Human parvovirus B19 infection generally displays a self-limiting course followed by viral clearance; although, in some cases, persistent infection may occur. Few cases of severe pulmonary disease following primary infection in both immunocompetent and immunocompromised patients were reported. OBJECTIVES To investigate the prevalence and(More)
The occurrence and clinical impact of herpes simplex virus (HSV) were evaluated in 342 bronchoalveolar lavage specimens from 237 patients. HSV-1 and HSV-2 were detected in 32.1% and <1% of patients, respectively. A significant difference of HSV-1 prevalence and load was found in relation to admission to intensive care unit, mechanical ventilation and(More)
The molecular epidemiology and tissue distribution of Human Parvovirus 4 (PARV4) and its variant PARV5 (Parvoviridae family) are poorly known. The aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiological role and prevalence of PARV4/5 by a nested-PCR on different clinical specimens, including blood samples from healthy donors, healthy and pathological skin(More)