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Although North American and European serotypes of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) are recognized, only the genome of the European Lelystad strain (LV) has been sequenced completely. Here, the genome of the pathogenic North American PRRSV isolate 16244B has been sequenced and compared with LV. The genomic organization of 16244B(More)
BACKGROUND New vessel growth is often associated with ischemia, and hypoxic tissue has been identified as a potential source of angiogenic factors. In particular, ischemia is associated with the development of neovascularization in a number of ocular pathologies. For this reason, we have studied the induction of endothelial cell mitogens by hypoxia in(More)
Vesicular stomatitis (VS) viruses have been classified into two serotypes: New Jersey (VSNJV) and Indiana (VSIV). Here, we have characterized field isolates causing vesicular stomatitis in Brazil and Argentina over a 35-year span. Cluster analysis based on either serological relatedness, as inferred from virus neutralization and complement fixation assays,(More)
We studied the persistence of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) in individual experimentally infected pigs, during a period of up to 150 days postinfection (dpi). The results of this study suggest that the persistence of PRRSV involves continuous viral replication but that it is not a true steady-state persistent infection. The(More)
Human malignant gliomas are among the most malignant and most intensely vascularized solid tumors. Angiostatin, an internal fragment of plasminogen, was recently discovered as an endogenous inhibitor of tumor-related angiogenesis by selective inhibition of endothelial cell growth. Using xenograft transplants of rat and primary human glioma cells in(More)
In Brazil and Argentina, vesicular stomatitis (VS) is caused by distinct viral strains serologically related to the classical vesicular stomatitis virus Indiana (VSIV), namely VS Indiana-2 (VSIV-2) and VS Indiana-3 (VSIV-3). Here we describe the full-length genomic sequences and organization of the prototype strains of VSIV-2 Cocal virus (COCV) and VSIV-3(More)
This study examines apoptosis and viral neuropathogenesis in a murine model infected with vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV). VSV induces apoptotic cell death in cultured cell lines, raising the possibility that apoptosis of infected neurons and other target cells may contribute to disease and mortality. To determine whether or not VSV induces apoptosis in(More)
the perfusion system to quickly change the solution at the intracellular side of the excised patches 11. The MTSET modification of the gating currents was measured using the TEVC technique to ensure good perfusion of the oocyte. The HCN gene family: molecular basis of the hyperpolarization-activated pacemaker channels. Dendritic hyperpolarization-activated(More)
An indirect "sandwich" enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using polyvalent and monovalent antisera was compared with the 50% complement fixation (CF50) test for the detection of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) O, A, and C virus types. ELISA was more sensitive than CF50 tests when polyvalent antisera were used for detecting the 3 types of virus in(More)