Ross Williams

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This work investigates the effect of ultrasound exposure parameters on the sonoporation of KHT-C cells in suspension by perflutren microbubbles. Variations in insonating acoustic pressure (0.05 to 3.5 MPa), pulse frequency (0.5 to 5.0 MHz), pulse repetition frequency (10 to 3000 Hz), pulse duration (4 to 32 micros) and insonation time (0.1 to 900 s) were(More)
PURPOSE To develop and implement an evidence-based protocol for characterizing vascular response of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) to targeted therapy by using dynamic contrast material-enhanced (DCE) ultrasonography (US). MATERIALS AND METHODS The study was approved by the institutional research ethics board; written informed consent was obtained from all(More)
The identification of organelles is crucial for efficient cellular function, yet the basic underlying mechanisms by which this might occur have not been established. One group of proteins likely to be central to organelle identity is the Rab family of small GTPases. We have thus investigated Rab recruitment to membranes using endothelial cells as a model(More)
We report a single-step approach to producing small and stable bubbles functionalized with nanoparticles. The strategy includes the following events occurring in sequence: (i) a microfluidic generation of bubbles from a mixture of CO(2) and a minute amount of gases with low solubility in water, in an aqueous solution of a protein, a polysaccharide, and(More)
Mouse models of human disease are increasingly used to study the nature of cardiovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis. The pulse wave velocity (PWV) provides an indirect measure of arterial stiffness and can be useful for characterizing disease progression. In this study, the PWV was measured noninvasively in the left common carotid artery of seven(More)
The transient appearance of P-selectin on the surface of endothelial cells helps recruit leukocytes into sites of inflammation. The tight control of cell surface P-selectin on these cells depends on regulated exocytosis of Weibel-Palade bodies where the protein is stored and on its rapid endocytosis. After endocytosis, P-selectin is either sorted via(More)
To overcome frame rate limitations in high-frequency ultrasound microimaging, new data acquisition techniques have been implemented for 2-D (B-scan) and color flow visualization. These techniques, referred to as retrospective B-scan imaging (RBI) and retrospective color flow imaging (RCFI) are based on the use of the electrocardiogram (ECG) to trigger(More)
New medical imaging contrast agents that permit multiple imaging and therapy applications using a single agent can result in more accurate diagnosis and local treatment of diseased tissue. Solid nanoparticles (NPs) (5-150 nm in size) have emerged as promising imaging and therapy agents, as have micrometer-scale, perfluorocarbon gas-filled microbubbles (MBs)(More)
Acoustically activated submicron droplets of liquid perfluorocarbon are investigated as a new class of ultrasound contrast agent. In the liquid state, intravascular droplets can extravasate within tumours. Activation is then accomplished by using bursts of ultrasound to vaporize the droplets. We use acoustical and optical techniques to assess the(More)
Because many tumors possess blood vessels permeable to particles with diameters of 200 nm, it is possible that submicron perfluorocarbon droplets could constitute a novel extravascular ultrasound contrast agent capable of selectively enhancing tumors. Under exposure to bursts of ultrasound of sufficient rarefactional pressure, droplets can undergo(More)