Ross W. Hamilton

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In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the transcriptional expression of the galactose-melibiose catabolic pathway genes is under the control of at least three regulatory genes, GAL4, GAL80, and GAL3. We have isolated the GAL80 gene and have studied the effect of a null mutation on the carbon-controlled regulation of the MEL1 and GAL cluster genes. The null mutation(More)
The MEL1 gene in Saccharomyces cerevisiae is required for the production of alpha-galactosidase and for the catabolism of melibiose. Production of alpha-galactosidase is induced by galactose or melibiose and repressed by glucose. Inducibility is controlled by the positive and negative regulatory proteins GAL4 and GAL80, respectively. We have cloned the MEL1(More)
The biological action of glucocorticoids is dependent upon tissue-specific levels of the glucocorticoid receptor (GR). During stress, the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis is stimulated, and high levels of glucocorticoids circulate. This axis is modulated by negative feedback by glucocorticoids, which inhibit hypothalamic and pituitary hormone secretion(More)
A recombinant plasmid containing a DNA segment complementary to rat liver albumin mRNA has been constructed, cloned, and used to examine the organization of albumin gene. The 18S fraction of total liver poly(A)-containing RNA was copied into a double-stranded cDNA by avian myeloblastosis virus reverse transcriptase and Escherichia coli DNA polymerase I. The(More)
A number of O- and N-alkylated derivatives of the antinociceptive, orally active, mu-opioid-selective truncated enkephalin analog L-2,6-dimethyltyrosyl-N-(3-phenylpropyl)-D-alaninamide (2, SC-39566) were synthesized to explore the structure-activity relationships of the series. The parent molecule is quite forgiving of substitution on the tyrosyl phenolic(More)
Micrococcus luteus UV endonuclease incises DNA at the sites of ultraviolet (UV) light-induced pyrimidine dimers. The mechanism of incision has been previously shown to be a glycosylic bond cleavage at the 5'-pyrimidine of the dimer followed by an apyrimidine endonuclease activity which cleaves the phosphodiester backbone between the pyrimidines. The process(More)
The proinflammatory cytokine interferon γ (IFNγ ) influences intestinal epithelial cell (IEC) homeostasis in a biphasic manner by acutely stimulating proliferation that is followed by sustained inhibition of proliferation despite continued mucosal injury. β-Catenin activation has been classically associated with increased IEC proliferation. However, we(More)
In order to evaluate the contributions that histidine residues might play both in the catalytic activities of endonuclease V and in binding to nontarget DNA, the technique of oligonucleotide site directed mutagenesis was used to create mutations at each of the four histidine residues in the endonuclease V gene. Although none of the histidines were shown to(More)