Ross S Dagata

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The ability of metals to activate estrogen receptor-alpha (ERalpha) was measured in the human breast cancer cell line, MCF-7. Similar to estradiol, treatment of cells with the divalent metals copper, cobalt, nickel, lead, mercury, tin, and chromium or with the metal anion vanadate stimulated cell proliferation; by d 6, there was a 2- to 5-fold increase in(More)
There is increasing evidence that opiates not only have analgesic properties, but also regulate mechanisms activated during the stress response, such as the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Indeed, opioid-containing neurons innervate the paraventricular nucleus and the median eminence, thus modulating inputs to ACTH-controlling neurons. In(More)
The central nervous system (CNS) is able to synthesize and/or metabolize steroid hormones. These neuroactive steroids are capable of modulating several brain functions and, among these, they seem to regulate the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis. Indeed, recent observations have shown that 5 alpha-pregnane-3 alpha-ol-20-one (allopregnanolone), one(More)
Although several serotonin (5-HT) receptor types have been shown capable of stimulating the release of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) from the pituitary gland, relatively little is known about the role of the 5-HT3 receptor, a receptor that has generated a great deal of interest for its involvement in many behavioral and therapeutic effects. Hence, in(More)
The present study was undertaken to evaluate the serotonin (5-HT) receptor subtype(s) by which 5-HT acts on the pituitary to stimulate ACTH secretion. We tested the effects of the 5-HT1A receptor agonist 8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)-tetralin (8-OH-DPAT), the 5-HT1C receptor agonist metachloro-phenylpiperazine (m-CPP), which also binds to other 5-HT(More)
This study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and GABAergic agonists and antagonists on sperm kinematic parameters and hyperactivation, evaluated by a computer-assisted semen analysis (CASA) system, and intracellular cAMP content in 22 normozoospermic semen samples. Because of the possible interaction of progesterone(More)
Cholecystokinin (CCK), a gastrointestinal (GI) hormone, is also present in structures of the central nervous system such as cortex, hippocampus, amygdala, olfactory tubercle and in regions involved in the regulation of the pituitary function. Although a number of studies have evaluated the effects of CCK on hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis function(More)
Brain catecholamines have been implicated in the regulation of gonadotrophin release. It has been recently reported that noradrenaline (NA), applied within the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus, suppresses the pulsatile release of LH in the rat through a corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH)-dependent mechanism. Prolactin (PRL) is also able to suppress(More)
Glucocorticoids, the end-product of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, suppress gonadotropin release by acting at the level of the pituitary gland. However, experimental evidence suggests that they may also act at the hypothalamic level to suppress gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) release. The lack of a direct demonstration of this(More)
Chronic hyperprolactinemia in the rat is associated with suppression of plasma gonadotropin concentrations. The reduction of gonadotropins is considered to be due to either an inhibitory effect of prolactin (PRL) on pituitary gonadotropin secretion and/or suppression of hypothalamic gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) release. In contrast to the in vivo(More)