Ross O. Meyers

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Larrea tridentata (Moc & Sess) Cov. (Zygophyllaceae) is an ethnobotanically important plant found in the American Southwest and northern Mexico. Although numerous beneficial effects have been attributed to this plant, several case reports have demonstrated high doses of Larrea-containing herbals induce hepatotoxicity and nephrotoxicity in humans.(More)
Melphalan (MEL) is probably the most effective chemotherapeutic agent in multiple myeloma (MM) with a clear dose-response effect. It can be escalated without excessive toxicity to 200 mg/m2, a myeloablative dose requiring hematopoietic stem cell support. Patients with marked renal insufficiency, not an infrequent finding in MM, have either received reduced(More)
Imexon, a novel pro-oxidant, thiol-binding agent, is currently in phase I/II clinical trials in patients with advanced solid tumors. The aim of this study was to characterize the preclinical pharmacology of imexon in vivo. We investigated the anticancer activity of imexon in several cancer cell lines grown as xenografts in severe combined immunodeficient(More)
tetra-O-methylnordihydroguaiaretic acid is a derivative of a naturally-occurring lignan, nordihydroguaiaretic acid, that has previously been shown to inhibit various cancer types in vitro and in vivo. Additionally, nordihydroguaiaretic acid has been shown to have nephrotoxic effects in the rat. Here we show that tetra-O-methylnordihydroguaiaretic acid(More)
Nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA) has been shown to inhibit both 5-lipoxygenase and ornithine decarboxylase and is active against several cancer cell lines and at least one mouse tumor model. Despite these findings, there have been no reports on the pharmacokinetics of NDGA. A reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method was developed(More)
Synthesis of seven semi-synthetic analogs of NDGA is described. An approach to NDGA derivatization is described in which the ortho-phenolic groups are tethered together by one atom, forming a 5-membered heterocyclic ring. The analogs were evaluated for cytotoxicity in four cancer cell lines and compared to NDGA and tetra-O-methyl-NDGA (M4N) (1a). NDGA(More)
Apomine, a novel bisphosphonate ester, has demonstrated anticancer activity in a variety of cancer cell lines; however, its mechanism of cytotoxicity is not well understood. Previous work has demonstrated that Apomine induces cell death by activation of caspase-3 in several cancer cell types. However, we have demonstrated that Apomine induces cell death in(More)
Six lignans, including the cyclolignan 3,4'-dihydroxy-3',4'-dimethoxy-6,7'-cyclolignan, were isolated from the flowering tops of Larrea tridentata. Additionally the flavanone, (S)-4',5-dihydroxy-7-methoxyflavanone, was isolated for the first time from L. tridentata or any member of the family Zygophyllaceae. All of the compounds were assessed for their(More)
The pharmacokinetics of two etoposide (E) formulations were evaluated in patients with refractory hematologic malignancies receiving high-dose conditioning with autologous stem cell transplantation. Patients were randomized to either E at 800 mg/m(2) (containing polysorbate 80 and polyethylene glycol) or etoposide phosphate (EP) at 910 mg/m(2) on days -7(More)