Ross Lawrence

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Grayanotoxins are known to occur in the honey produced from the nectar of Rhododendron ponticum growing on the mountains of the eastern Black Sea region of Turkey and also in Japan, Nepal, Brazil, and some parts of North America and Europe. Two cases of honey intoxication are presented here. Both of the patients experienced severe bradycardia and(More)
Grayanotoxins are known to occur in honey produced from the nectar of Rhododendrons of the family Ericaceae. Grayanotoxins extracted from honey sample obtained from a patient who experienced severe bradycardia and hypotension after ingesting two tablespoonfuls corresponded to Rhododendron ponticum tetrades. Anaesthetized albino rats were injected with honey(More)
Neutrophils have been implicated as central mediators in myocardial and skeletal muscle ischemia-reperfusion injury. This study tests whether these cellular elements and the chemoattractant leukotriene (LTB4) play a role in postischemic renal failure. Anesthetized rats underwent 45 min of left renal pedicle clamping. Five minutes after reperfusion, LTB4(More)
A series of cationic porphyrins has been identified as G-quadruplex interactive agents (QIAs) that stabilize telomeric G-quadruplex DNA and thereby inhibit human telomerase; 50% inhibition of telomerase activity was achieved in HeLa cell-free extract at porphyrin concentrations in the range < or = 50 microM. Cytotoxicity of the porphyrins in vitro was(More)
Calorie restriction (CR) is known to prolong the life span and maintain an active immune function in aged mice, but it is still not known if rodents under CR can respond optimally to bacterial infection. We report here on the influence of CR on the response of peritoneal macrophages to lipopolysaccharide, splenic NF-kappaB and NF-interleukin-6 (IL-6)(More)
BACKGROUND Ecteinascidin-743 (ET-743), a member of the ecteinascidin family selected for clinical development, is a tetrahydroisoquinolone alkaloid isolated from the marine ascidian, Ecteinascidia turbinata. This novel compound is a minor groove binding, guanine-specific alkylating agent which also interacts with the microtubule network and blocks cell(More)
This study was conducted to identify tumor types warranting Phase II clinical trials of oxaliplatin using the human tumor cloning assay. Oxaliplatin was tested at concentrations ranging from 0.5 to 50.0 microg/ml in 1-h and 14-day continuous exposures along with 1.4 microg/ml carboplatin and 0.2 microg/ml cisplatin for comparison. We defined in vitro(More)
Glutathione S-transferase (GST) isozymes have been shown to be elevated in many human cancer types as compared to normal tissues. TER286, one in a class of glutathione-based GST-activated cytotoxins, was tested in a soft agar cloning assay to determine its in vitro activity against primary human tumor colony-forming units. Breast and lung specimens from(More)
Cationic porphyrins, which interact with guanine quadruplex (G4) telomeric folds, inhibit telomerase activity in human tumor cells. In this study, we have further examined effects of porphyrins and other telomere- and telomerase-interactive agents on proliferation rates and chromosome stability in a novel in vivo model, developing sea urchin embryos. We(More)
MGI 114, an analog of illudin S, shows potent activity against a broad range of human tumors in vitro and in vivo, including drug resistant tumors. In this study we examined cytotoxicity of MGI 114 against human tumor cell lines (MCF7, MDA.MB.468, EJ1, J82, SCaBER, KG-1, HL60, and IMR-90) with differing expression of p53 and/or p21 (WAF1) tumor suppressor(More)