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Human diploid fibroblasts metabolize up to 13% of the glutamine in tissue culture medium to lactate. Four microCi of glutamine-U-14C were added to media containing 5 mM or 65 microM glucose or medium containing no added glucose, but supplemented with purine and pyrimidine nucleosides (HGTU). Aliquots of the media were taken at daily intervals and were(More)
Whether the increased capillary permeability characteristic of diabetes extends to the blood-brain barrier is presently unclear. We have examined in streptozotocin-diabetic rats the permeability of the blood-brain barrier at the level of 12 discrete brain regions employing 3 intravenous tracers of different molecular weight: sucrose, insulin and horseradish(More)
Developing neurons and Schwann cells have been shown to secrete proteases. The influence of these proteases on neurite outgrowth by cultured sensory ganglia was examined by adding specific protease inhibitors. Neonatal mouse dorsal root ganglia were cultured directly on tissue-culture plastic dishes in serum-free N2 medium with different protease(More)
The Long Evans Cinnamon (LEC) rat spontaneously develops fulminant hepatitis, which is usually lethal due to excess copper accumulation in the liver and is considered an animal model of Wilson's disease. LEC rats show a strong appetite for proline solution. Daily oral (p.o.) administration of proline resulted in significant delay of mortality. Feeding a(More)
Addition of protease inhibitors to the culture medium has been shown to enhance neurite outgrowth by cultured mouse dorsal root ganglia (DRG). Those results are now extended to show that a diffusible source of soybean trypsin inhibitor (STI) or zones of immobilized STI can orient the direction of outgrowth towards the region of STI. However, a high(More)
Significantly lower concentrations of norepinephrine were observed in whole brain and hypothalamus of pups exposed to ethanol pre- and post-natally as compared to controls. Dopamine levels were found to be unaltered in whole brain compared to controls although hypothalamus and corpus striatum demonstrated a decreased concentration in the experimental(More)
The role of the serotonergic mechanism in the regulation of beta-endorphin (beta-EP and adrenocorticotropin (ACTH)-like immunoreactivity in plasma was investigated. Increases in beta-EP and ACTH-LI produced by quipazine maleate (QPZ), a serotonergic agonist, 1 hr after injection could be completely prevented by the serotonin (5-HT) antagonist, cinanserin(More)
A double-isotope procedure was used to measure the effects of insulin and glucagon on ketone-body production and utilization (i.e. turnover) in the starved rat. Somatostatin was infused during the experiment to suppress the pancreatic release of either hormone. The immediate action of insulin in terms of ketone-body turnover that was most evident was a(More)
1. In 48 h-starved 6-week-old rats the 14C incorporation in vivo into blood glucose from a constant-specific-radioactivity pool of circulating [14c]actateconfirmed that lactate is the preferred gluconeogenic substrate. 2. Increasing the blood [alanine] to that occurrring in the fed state increased 14C incorporation into blood glucose 2.3-fold from(More)