Learn More
Bisphosphonates are currently the most important class of antiresorptive drugs used for the treatment of metabolic bone diseases. Although the molecular targets of bisphosphonates have not been identified, these compounds inhibit bone resorption by mechanisms that can lead to osteoclast apoptosis. Bisphosphonates also induce apoptosis in mouse J774(More)
Skeletal muscle hypertrophy and regeneration are important adaptive responses to both physical activity and pathological stimuli. Failure to maintain these processes underlies the loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength that occurs with ageing and in myopathies. Here we show that stable expression of a gene encoding insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) in(More)
The alpha 1-adrenergic receptors activate a phospholipase C enzyme by coupling to members of the large molecular size (approximately 74 to 80 kilodaltons) G alpha h family of guanosine triphosphate (GTP)-binding proteins. Rat liver G alpha h is now shown to be a tissue transglutaminase type II (TGase II). The transglutaminase activity of rat liver TGase II(More)
Activation of the alpha(1A)-adrenergic receptor (alpha(1A)-AR)/Gq pathway has been implicated as a critical trigger for the development of cardiac hypertrophy. However, direct evidence from in vivo studies is still lacking. To address this issue, transgenic mice with cardiac-targeted overexpression of the alpha(1A)-AR (4- to 170-fold) were generated, using(More)
A disulfide bond between two extracellular cysteines, conserved in all G-protein-coupled receptors, is believed to be critical for stabilization of the ligand-binding pocket. The beta 2-adrenergic receptor (beta 2-AR) contains two conserved cysteines (Cys106 and Cys184) as well as two other extracellular cysteines (Cys190 and Cys191). The specificity of the(More)
To identify specific interactions between either the tetrazole or carboxylate pharmacophores of non-peptide antagonists and the rat AT1 receptor, 6 basic residues were examined by site-directed mutagenesis. Three of the mutants (H183Q, H256Q, and H272Q) appeared to be like wild type. Lys102 and Arg167 mutants displayed reduced binding of the non-peptide(More)
Structural requirements for the activation of transducin by rhodopsin have been studied by site-specific mutagenesis of bovine rhodopsin. A variety of single amino acid replacements and amino acid insertions and deletions of varying sizes were carried out in the two cytoplasmic loops CD (amino acids 134-151) and EF (amino acids 231-252). Except for deletion(More)
alpha 1-Adrenergic receptor (alpha 1-AR) subtypes (alpha 1A and alpha 1B) play a critical role in vascular smooth muscle contraction and circulatory homeostasis. Transcripts for these guanine nucleotide-binding protein-coupled receptors are extremely low in abundance, however, and isolation of their cDNAs is difficult. We have developed a novel technique(More)
Three alpha 1-adrenergic receptors (ARs) have been cloned, i.e., the alpha 1B-, alpha 1C-, and alpha 1D-ARs. Compared with the alpha 1B subtype, the alpha 1A subtype in tissue is described as being insensitive to chloroethylclonidine and sensitive to SZL-49 and having a 10-100-fold higher affinity for a number of agonists and antagonists. The alpha 1A(More)