Ross G. Johnson

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Phorbol esters (e.g., TPA) activate protein kinase C (PKC), increase connexin43 (Cx43) phosphorylation, and decrease cell-cell communication via gap junctions in many cell types. We asked whether PKC directly phosphorylates and regulates Cx43. Rat epithelial T51B cells metabolically labeled with (32)P(i) yielded two-dimensional phosphotryptic maps of Cx43(More)
The human A3 adenosine receptor was cloned from a striatal cDNA library using a probe derived from the homologous rat sequence. The cDNA encodes a protein of 318 amino acids and exhibits 72% and 85% overall identity with the rat and sheep A3 adenosine receptor sequences, respectively. Specific and saturable binding of the adenosine receptor agonist(More)
The assembly of gap junctions (GJs) is a process coordinated by growth factors, kinases, and other signaling molecules. GJ assembly can be enhanced via the elevation of cAMP and subsequent stimulation of connexon trafficking to the plasma membrane. To study the positive regulation of GJ assembly, fibroblasts derived from connexin (Cx)43 knockout (KO) and(More)
Gap junctions (GJ) are important regulators of cellular function. They provide channels for the direct movement of small molecules between cells and thus control cell-to-cell transfer of metabolites and the transmission of various stimuli. Gap junctions have been shown to be involved in a multitude of cellular processes ranging from cell synchronization and(More)
Early patterning of vertebrate embryos involves the generation of asymmetric signals across the left-right (L-R) axis that position and are required for the proper function of internal organs. This patterning is directed by a conserved nodal/lefty signaling cascade on the left side of the embryo, thought to be asymmetrically directed by ciliary beating that(More)
To address the role of gap junction hemichannels in apoptosis, the cell death induced by staurosporine (ST) was evaluated in wild type HeLa cells (HeLa-WT) and transfectants expressing either full-length connexin43 (HeLa-Cx43) or a C-terminal truncation of Cx43 (HeLa-DeltaCT). Cell death was measured with fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS), both DNA(More)
Gap junctional communication (GJC) is regulated in the early Xenopus embryo and quantitative differences in junctional communication correlate with the specification of the dorsal-ventral axis. To address the mechanism that is responsible for regulating this differential communication, we investigated the function of beta-catenin during the formation of the(More)
Intercellular communication mediated by gap junctions is important for tissue homeostasis in the avascular lens, and extensive areas of gap junctions form between fiber cells during fiber cell differentiation and lens development. We examined the role of the calcium-dependent cell adhesion molecule, N-cadherin, in the process of gap junction formation(More)
To determine the chromosomal localization of the human A2b adenosine receptor, the corresponding genomic clone was isolated and used as a probe for fluorescence in situ hybridization to metaphase chromosomes. Partial sequence analysis of the A2b gene (AD-ORA2B) revealed an intron that interrupted the coding region corresponding to the second intracellular(More)
The role of cytoskeletal elements in gap junction (GJ) assembly has been studied using Novikoff hepatoma cells treated with cytochalasin B (CB) to disrupt actin filaments or with colchicine or nocodazole to disrupt microtubules. After 60 min of cell reaggregation, freeze-fracture was used to evaluate quantitatively the "initiation," "maturation," and(More)