Ross G Gerrity

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In combination with other factors, hyperglycemia may cause the accelerated progression of atherosclerosis in people with diabetes. Arterial smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation and accumulation contribute to formation of advanced atherosclerotic lesions. Therefore, we investigated the effects of hyperglycemia on SMC proliferation and accumulation in vivo(More)
BACKGROUND Low endothelial shear stress (ESS) promotes the development of atherosclerosis; however, its role in the progression of atherosclerotic plaques and evolution to inflamed high-risk plaques has not been studied. Our hypothesis was that the lowest values of ESS are responsible for the development of high-risk coronary atherosclerotic plaques(More)
Although early studies demonstrated that exogenous estrogen lowered a woman's risk of cardiovascular disease, recent trials indicate that HRT actually increases the risk of coronary heart disease or stroke. However, there is no clear explanation for this discrepancy. Is estrogen a helpful or a harmful hormone in terms of cardiovascular function? This review(More)
Coordinated electronic pacing of implanted nerve pedicles into paralyzed laryngeal muscles has allowed selective dynamic control of abduction, adduction, and elongation of the vocal cords. Modifications of the original circuit in a cervical muscle model has added fine tuning to basic "all-or-none" pacing. Rehabilitation of phonation illustrated the(More)
BACKGROUND The objective of this study was to determine the in vivo pharmacodynamics of glucagon and to test its glycemic effect over days by assessing its time course of activity and potency in a type 1 diabetic swine model. METHODS Individual experiments were conducted in different pigs using glucagon preparations that were reconstituted on different(More)
Hyperlipemia and oxidized LDL (ox-LDL) are important independent cardiovascular risk factors. Ox-LDL has been shown to stimulate vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation. However, the effects of hyperlipemia and the molecular mechanisms mediating hyperlipemia and ox-LDL effects on VSMC growth are poorly understood. The helix-loop-helix (HLH)(More)
In cholesterol-fed rabbits the extent of monocyte involvement in atherogenesis may be influenced by the level of circulating leukocytes during hypercholesterolemia. We characterized the leukocytosis in rabbits fed either a 0.25% or a 0.1% cholesterol-enriched diet (0.25% or 0.1% rabbits, respectively). Circulating leukocytes were elevated by 1 week of(More)
Postnatal growth of the mammalian ventricular myocyte is characterized by a brief period of hyperplasia followed by an extensive period of physiological hypertrophy. Using myocytes isolated from both Wistar-Kyoto and spontaneously hypertensive rats from fetus to 10 months old, we analyzed morphological, biochemical, and ploidy changes. Fetal myocytes from(More)
Electrical stimulation of paralyzed laryngeal muscles implanted with nerve-muscle pedicles (NMP) has resulted in documented return of motion. No study, however, has yet determined how NMP excitability correlates with that of normal muscle or nerve. In six anesthetized dogs, one hemilarynx was denervated and the paralyzed thyroarytenoid, cricothyroid, and(More)
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