Ross E. McKinney

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Bisphosphonates (BPs) and denosumab reduce the risk of spine and nonspine fractures. Atypical femur fractures (AFFs) located in the subtrochanteric region and diaphysis of the femur have been reported in patients taking BPs and in patients on denosumab, but they also occur in patients with no exposure to these drugs. In this report, we review studies on the(More)
Reports linking long-term use of bisphosphonates (BPs) with atypical fractures of the femur led the leadership of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research (ASBMR) to appoint a task force to address key questions related to this problem. A multidisciplinary expert group reviewed pertinent published reports concerning atypical femur fractures, as(More)
Patients with agammaglobulinemia are particularly susceptible to chronic enteroviral infections of the central nervous system. Data on 42 patients were obtained by literature review, communications with other physicians, and personal experiences. Thirty-eight patients had congenital immunodeficiencies, most frequently X-linked agammaglobulinemia. Most(More)
Fragility fractures are common, affecting almost one in two older women and one in three older men. Every fragility fracture signals increased risk of future fractures as well as risk of premature mortality. Despite the major health care impact worldwide, currently there are few systems in place to identify and "capture" individuals after a fragility(More)
OBJECTIVES Physicians who treat neonates who become bacteremic while dependent on central venous catheters face a serious and common dilemma. We sought 1) to evaluate the relationship between central venous catheter removal and outcome in bacteremic neonates, 2) to determine species of bacteria that are associated with an increased risk of infectious(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the epidemiology of candidemia in our neonatal intensive care unit; to compare risk factors, clinical presentation, and outcomes for neonates infected with Candida albicans, Candida parapsilosis, and coagulase-negative staphylococcus (CoNS); and to suggest a rational approach to empiric antifungal therapy of neonates at risk for(More)
The highly sensitive quantitation of virus-specific CD8(+) T cells using major histocompatibility complex-peptide tetramer assays has revealed higher levels of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) in acute and chronic virus infections than were recognized previously. However, studies in lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus infection have shown that tetramer assays(More)
OBJECTIVES The objectives of this study were 1) to evaluate testing regimens of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-exposed infants and 2) to determine optimal methods of follow-up by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) testing. METHODS We reviewed the results from 742 HIV-exposed infants in the state of North Carolina; 2474 samples were tested for(More)
OBJECTIVE The Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group (PACTG) Protocol 300 assessed the clinical efficacy and safety of combination zidovudine/lamivudine (ZDV/3TC) compared with either didanosine (ddI) alone or combination ZDV/ddI. STUDY DESIGN Children with symptomatic human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, 6 weeks through 15 years of age, were(More)
BACKGROUND A large cohort of antiretroviral therapy-naive, symptomatic, HIV-infected children were enrolled into a controlled therapeutic trial (AIDS Clinical Trials Group Protocol 152), providing an opportunity to describe their clinical and laboratory characteristics and determine age-related distinctions. METHODS Study entry evaluations for 838 of 839(More)