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Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a key regulator of cell growth acting via two independent targets, ribosomal protein S6 kinase 1 (S6K1) and 4EBP1. While each is known to regulate translational efficiency, the mechanism by which they control cell growth remains unclear. In addition to increased initiation of translation, the accelerated synthesis and(More)
Deregulated ribosomal RNA synthesis is associated with uncontrolled cancer cell proliferation. RNA polymerase (Pol) I, the multiprotein complex that synthesizes rRNA, is activated widely in cancer. Thus, selective inhibitors of Pol I may offer a general therapeutic strategy to block cancer cell proliferation. Coupling medicinal chemistry efforts to tandem(More)
Angiotensin II (Ang II) may cause cardiac hypertrophy via type 1 Ang II receptors (AT(1)) on cardiomyocytes and through growth factors released from cardiac fibroblasts. Whereas cardiomyocyte-specific AT(1) receptor expression produces cardiac hypertrophy and remodeling in vivo, delineation of the signals that mediate growth to Ang II is challenging because(More)
Urotensin II (UII) is a somatostatin-like peptide recently identified as a potent vasoconstrictor. In this study, we examined whether UII promotes cardiac remodeling through nonhemodynamic effects on the myocardium. In a rat model of heart failure after myocardial infarction (MI), increased UII peptide and UII receptor protein expression was observed in(More)
Ovarian cancer is the major cause of death from gynecological malignancy, and there is an urgent need for new therapeutic targets. The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT pathway has been strongly implicated in the genesis of ovarian cancer. However, to identify and evaluate potential targets for therapeutic intervention, it is critical to understand(More)
The phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3-K) signaling pathway plays an important role in a wide variety of fundamental cellular processes, largely mediated via protein kinase B/v-akt murine thymoma viral oncogene homolog (PKB/AKT) signaling. Given the crucial role of PI3-K/AKT signaling in regulating processes such as cell growth, proliferation, and survival, it(More)
In mammals, the mechanisms regulating the number of active copies of the approximately 200 ribosomal RNA (rRNA) genes transcribed by RNA polymerase I are unclear. We demonstrate that depletion of the transcription factor upstream binding factor (UBF) leads to the stable and reversible methylation-independent silencing of rRNA genes by promoting histone(More)
Angiotensin type 1A (AT(1A)) receptors are expressed within the rostral ventrolateral medulla, and microinjections of angiotensin II into this region increase sympathetic vasomotor tone. To determine the effect of sustained increases in AT(1A) receptor density or activity in rostral ventrolateral medulla, we used radiotelemetry to monitor blood pressure in(More)
The regulation of cell mass (cell growth) is often tightly coupled to the cell division cycle (cell proliferation). Ribosome biogenesis and the control of rDNA transcription through RNA polymerase I are known to be critical determinants of cell growth. Here we show that granulocytic cells deficient in the c-MYC antagonist MAD1 display increased cell volume,(More)
RATIONALE The high morbidity/mortality of atherosclerosis is typically precipitated by plaque rupture and consequent thrombosis. However, research on underlying mechanisms and therapeutic approaches is limited by the lack of animal models that reproduce plaque instability observed in humans. OBJECTIVE Development and use of a mouse model of plaque rupture(More)