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This article reviews current approaches to defining clinically meaningful change in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and provides guidelines for their use. Definitions of clinically meaningful change are discussed. Two broad methods for identifying clinically meaningful change are contrasted: anchor-based methods and distribution-based methods.(More)
BACKGROUND Compulsive buying is infrequently described in the psychiatric literature despite suggestions that it may be prevalent. The authors investigated the demographics and phenomenology of this syndrome and assessed psychiatric comorbidity via interviews of both compulsive buyers and normal buyers. METHOD Twenty-four compulsive buyers were compared(More)
BACKGROUND LSG has been increasingly performed. Long-term follow-up is necessary. METHODS During the Fourth International Consensus Summit on LSG in New York Dec. 2012, an online questionnaire (SurveyMonkey®) was filled out by 130 surgeons experienced in LSG. The survey was submitted directly to the statisticians. RESULTS The 130 surgeons performed(More)
Sleeve gastrectomy is a rapid and less traumatic operation, which thus far is showing good resolution of comorbidities and good weight loss if a narrower channel is constructed than for the duodenal switch. There are potential intraoperative complications, which must be recognized and treated promptly. Like other bariatric operations, there are variations(More)
BACKGROUND Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has been performed for morbid obesity in the past 10 years. LSG was originally intended as a first-stage procedure in high-risk patients but has become a stand-alone operation for many bariatric surgeons. Ongoing review is necessary regarding the durability of the weight loss, complications, and need for(More)
OBJECTIVE Obesity researchers have a growing interest in measuring the impact of weight and weight reduction on quality of life. The Impact of Weight on Quality of Life questionnaire (IWQOL) was the first self-report instrument specifically developed to assess the effect of obesity on quality of life. Although the IWQOL has demonstrated excellent(More)
Methodological approaches utilized to evaluate models of the relationship between personality and eating disorders, as well as empirical support for each model, are reviewed. Limited prospective research suggests that negative emotionality, perfectionism, drive for thinness, poor interoceptive awareness, ineffectiveness, and obsessive-compulsive personality(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the Night Eating Questionnaire (NEQ) as a measure of severity of the Night Eating Syndrome (NES). The 14-item NEQ assesses the behavioral and psychological symptoms of NES. The NEQ was evaluated in three samples: 1980 persons who completed the NEQ on the Internet; 81 persons diagnosed with NES; and 194 bariatric(More)
Many methodological issues exist in human laboratory research with smoked cocaine-base that include safety, precision of dose delivery of smoked cocaine, and the lack of an adequate placebo. All of these issues are particularly apparent with studies involving multiple doses of cocaine. Addressing these concerns is important in conducting parametric studies(More)
The short form of impact of weight on quality of life (IWQOL)-Lite is a 31-item, self-report, obesity-specific measure of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) that consists of a total score and scores on each of five scales – physical function, self-esteem, sexual life, public distress, and work – and that exhibits strong psychometric properties. This(More)