Learn More
Different immunohistochemical sex cord-stromal markers have been previously studied in various types of ovarian sex cord-stromal tumors; however, the sensitivity for sex cord-stromal lineage may vary between markers, and some markers may not be as sensitive in some types of sex cord-stromal tumors compared with other tumors in this spectrum of neoplasms.(More)
Immunostaining for smooth muscle actin (SMA) is commonly used to elucidate mammary myoepithelial (ME) cells, whose presence or absence is a reliable criterion for differentiating in situ and invasive carcinomas. However, some morphologically distinct ME cells fail to stain for SMA. This study intended to assess whether these SMA-negative cells also lack the(More)
The clinicopathologic features of 472 ovarian epithelial clear cell neoplasms (4 adenofibromas [AFs], 41 atypical proliferative [borderline] tumors [APTs], and 427 carcinomas [CAs]) were studied in order to elucidate the morphologic steps involved in the pathogenesis of these tumors and determine whether clear cell CA is a type I or type II tumor in the(More)
Our previous studies detected focal disruptions in myoepithelial cell layers of several ducts with carcinoma in situ. The cell cluster overlying each of the myoepithelial disruptions showed a marked reduction in or a total loss of immunoreactivity for the estrogen receptor (ER). This is in contrast to the adjacent cells within the same duct, which were(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine whether lymph-vascular space invasion (LVSI) that is discovered in cervical biopsy and excision specimens is associated with LVSI in the hysterectomy specimen of patients with cervical cancer. STUDY DESIGN A retrospective pathologic review to determine the presence of LVSI in cervical biopsy specimens,(More)
The main neoplasms in the differential diagnosis for primary ovarian tumors with a tubule-rich pattern are pure Sertoli cell tumor, endometrioid tumors (including borderline tumor, well-differentiated carcinoma, and the sertoliform variant of endometrioid carcinoma), and carcinoid tumor. Because traditional immunohistochemical markers [pan-cytokeratin(More)
Primary ovarian carcinoids and metastatic tumors share similar morphologic features. Metastatic carcinoids must be excluded from primary ones for prognostic and therapeutic reasons. Gastrointestinal neuroendocrine (carcinoid) tumors are much more common with the majority arising from small intestine and appendix. The aim of this study is to evaluate the(More)
Immunohistochemistry can be an important part of the diagnosis of Sertoli cell tumor of the ovary, including distinction from non-sex cord-stromal tumors such as the sertoliform variant of endometrioid carcinoma and carcinoid. Several good markers for this differential diagnosis have been identified, particularly inhibin, Wilms tumor 1 gene product (WT1),(More)
WT1, the Wilms tumor gene product, can be expressed in various tumors from different anatomic sites, including some types of ovarian tumors. Regarding the latter, most studies have focused on surface epithelial-stromal tumors in which serous carcinomas are usually positive and endometrioid carcinomas are negative. Very few studies have specifically(More)
The distinction of ovarian Sertoli cell tumor from other tumors in the histological differential diagnosis, particularly endometrioid carcinoma and carcinoid tumor, may be difficult. Many immunohistochemical markers have been studied for this differential diagnosis, but currently available markers are neither 100% sensitive nor specific. Sox9 is a(More)