Learn More
Ionizing radiation activates the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and downstream signaling involving the cytoprotective mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway. In our effort to investigate the role of EGFR in cellular responses to radiation, we generated mammary carcinoma cell clones, MCF-TR5-EGFR-CD533 and MDA-TR15-EGFR-CD533, that(More)
EGFR and ErbB2 are two members of the ErbB family of receptor Tyr Kinases identified as therapeutic targets for treating carcinomas. Breast carcinoma cells express different complements and variable proportions of ErbB receptor Tyr kinases, which activate unique and redundant signaling cascades that are essential for cell survival. Previously it was shown(More)
Increasing physical activity and decreasing sedentary behavior are associated with a higher quality of life and lower mortality rates for cancer survivors, a growing population group. Studies detailing the behavior of cancer survivors are limited. Therefore, we investigated physical activity and sedentary behavior of cancer survivors using data from the(More)
The effects of temperature in the fever range (37-42 degrees) on the membrane potentials of normal and simian virus 40-transformed hamster lymphocytes were analyzed. The transmembrane distributions of radiolabeled triphenylmethylphosphonium and thiocyanate were measured, and they provide upper and lower limits for the normal cell membrane potential at 37(More)
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) plays an important role in neoplastic growth control of malignant gliomas. We have demonstrated that radiation activates EGFR Tyr-phosphorylation (EGFR Tyr-P) and the proliferation of surviving human carcinoma cells, a likely mechanism of accelerated cellular repopulation, a major cytoprotective response after(More)
PURPOSE The commonly expressed variant epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), the type III EGFR variant (EGFRvIII), functions as an oncoprotein promoting neoplastic transformation and tumorigenicity. The role of EGFRvIII in cellular responses to genotoxic stress, such as ionizing radiation, is only minimally defined. Thus, we have investigated EGFRvIII as(More)
The calcium content and transport processes of Plasmodium chabaudi-infected rat erythrocytes were analyzed by atomic absorption spectroscopy and 45Ca2+ flux measurements. Infected erythrocytes, after fractionation on metrizamide gradients according to stage of parasite development, exhibited progressively increasing levels of Ca2+ with schizont and(More)
This study tests whether the nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor, N(G)-nitro-L-arginine (L-NNA), combines favorably with ionizing radiation (IR) in controlling squamous carcinoma tumor growth. Animals bearing FaDu and A431 xenografts were treated with L-NNA in the drinking water. IR exposure was 10 Gy for tumor growth and survival studies and 4 Gy for ex(More)
UNLABELLED Here, evidence suggests that nitric oxide synthases (NOS) of tumor cells, in contrast with normal tissues, synthesize predominantly superoxide and peroxynitrite. Based on high-performance liquid chromatography analysis, the underlying mechanism for this uncoupling is a reduced tetrahydrobiopterin:dihydrobiopterin ratio (BH4:BH2) found in breast,(More)