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Gastro-esophageal reflux and related pulmonary bile acid aspiration were prospectively investigated as possible contributors to postlung transplant bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS). We also studied the impact of aspiration on pulmonary surfactant collectin proteins SP-A and SP-D and on surfactant phospholipids--all important components of innate(More)
Myelin basic protein (MBP) plays an integral role in the structure and function of the myelin sheath. In humans and cattle, an 18.5-kDa isoform of MBP predominates and exists as a multitude of charge isomers resulting from extensive and varied post-translational modifications. We have purified the least modified isomer (named C1) of the 18.5-kDa isoform of(More)
Newborn rats exposed to 60% O2 for 14 days develop endothelin (ET)-1-dependent pulmonary hypertension with vascular remodeling, characterized by increased smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation and medial thickening of pulmonary resistance arteries. Using immunohistochemistry and Western blot analyses, we examined the effect of exposure to 60% O2 on(More)
Pulmonary surfactant is a lipoprotein complex that functions to reduce surface tension at the air liquid interface in the alveolus of the mature lung. In late gestation glycogen-laden type II cells shift their metabolic program toward the synthesis of surfactant, of which phosphatidylcholine (PC) is by far the most abundant lipid. To investigate the(More)
CTP:phosphocholine cytidylyltransferase (CCT) is a rate-determining enzyme in de novo synthesis of phosphatidylcholine (PC). The lung requires a steady synthesis of PC for lung surfactant of which disaturated PC is the essential active agent. Surfactant synthesis occurs in alveolar type II cells. Studies with non-pulmonary cells have suggested that CCT is(More)
Endothelium-derived NO plays a critical role in the regulation of cardiovascular function and structure, as well as acting as a downstream mediator of the angiogenic response to numerous vascular growth factors. Although endothelial NO synthase (eNOS)-deficient mice are viable, minor congenital cardiac abnormalities have been reported and homozygous(More)
Surfactant protein A (SP-A) is an octadecameric hydrophilic glycoprotein and is the major protein component of pulmonary surfactant. This protein complex plays several roles in the body, such as regulation of surfactant secretion, recycling and adsorption of surfactant lipids, and non-serum-induced immune response. Many of SP-A's activities are dependent(More)
A computational model of myelin basic protein (MBP) has been constructed based on the premise of a phylogenetically conserved beta-sheet backbone and on electron microscopical three-dimensional reconstructions. Many residues subject to post-translational modification (phosphorylation, methylation, or conversion of arginines to citrullines) were located in(More)
Pulmonary surfactant, a mixture of lipids and surfactant proteins (SPs), plays an important role in respiration and gas exchange. SP-A, the major SP, exists as an octadecamer that can self-associate to form elongated protein filaments in vitro. We have studied here the association of purified bovine SP-A with lipid vesicle bilayers in vitro with negative(More)
Biological membranes exist in many forms, one of which is known as tubular myelin (TM). This pulmonary surfactant membranous structure contains elongated tubes that form square lattices. To understand the interaction of surfactant protein (SP) A and various lipids commonly found in TM, we undertook a series of transmission-electron-microscopic studies using(More)