Ross A. Fredenburg

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Aberrant alpha-synuclein degradation is implicated in Parkinson's disease pathogenesis because the protein accumulates in the Lewy inclusion bodies associated with the disease. Little is known, however, about the pathways by which wild-type alpha-synuclein is normally degraded. We found that wild-type alpha-synuclein was selectively translocated into(More)
Altered degradation of alpha-synuclein (alpha-syn) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of Parkinson disease (PD). We have shown that alpha-syn can be degraded via chaperone-mediated autophagy (CMA), a selective lysosomal mechanism for degradation of cytosolic proteins. Pathogenic mutants of alpha-syn block lysosomal translocation, impairing their own(More)
alpha-Synuclein (alpha-syn) phosphorylation at serine 129 is characteristic of Parkinson disease (PD) and related alpha-synulceinopathies. However, whether phosphorylation promotes or inhibits alpha-syn aggregation and neurotoxicity in vivo remains unknown. This understanding is critical for elucidating the role of alpha-syn in the pathogenesis of PD and(More)
Streptomyces lavendulae produces complestatin, a cyclic peptide natural product that antagonizes pharmacologically relevant protein-protein interactions including formation of the C4b,2b complex in the complement cascade and gp120-CD4 binding in the HIV life cycle. Complestatin, a member of the vancomycin group of natural products, consists of an(More)
The third and most recently identified Parkinson's disease-linked variant of the neuronal protein alpha-synuclein to be identified (E46K) results in widespread brain pathology and early onset Parkinson symptoms (Zarranz et al. (2004) Ann. Neurol. 55, 164-173). Herein, we present biochemical and biophysical characterization of E46K alpha-synuclein in various(More)
The UspA1 and UspA2 proteins of Moraxella catarrhalis are potential vaccine candidates for preventing disease caused by this organism. We have characterized both proteins and evaluated their vaccine potential using both in vitro and in vivo assays. Both proteins were purified from the O35E isolate by Triton X-100 extraction, followed by ion-exchange and(More)
Ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase-L1 (UCH-L1) is linked to Parkinson's disease (PD) and memory and is selectively expressed in neurons at high levels. Its expression pattern suggests a function distinct from that of its widely expressed homolog UCH-L3. We report here that, in contrast to UCH-L3, UCH-L1 exists in a membrane-associated form (UCH-L1(M)) in(More)
Botulinum neurotoxin elicits its paralytic activity through a zinc-dependant metalloprotease that cleaves proteins involved in neurotransmitter release. Currently, no drugs are available to reverse the effects of botulinum intoxication. Herein we report the design of a novel series of mercaptoacetamide small-molecule inhibitors active against botulinum(More)
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers have been extensively utilized in the diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and characterization of progression. One important CSF biomarker is the amyloid beta 42 (Aβ42) peptide, a key player in AD pathogenesis. The INNOTEST® Aβ42 ELISA kit has been widely used but an advanced level of method development and validation(More)
The UspA2 protein from the bacterium Moraxella catarrhalis is a potential vaccine candidate for preventing human diseases caused by this organism. Before a vaccine can be administered parentally, the level of endotoxin must be reduced as much as possible. However, in this case the endotoxin was very tightly complexed with the UspA2 protein and could not be(More)