Roslyn London

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We have isolated the cDNAs encoding human and mouse homologues of a yeast protein, termed peroxisomal membrane protein 20 (PMP20). Comparison of the amino acid sequences of human (HsPMP20) and mouse (MmPMP20) PMP20 proteins revealed a high degree of identity (93%), whereas resemblance to the yeast Candida boidinii PMP20A and PMP20B (CbPMP20A and CbPMP20B)(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Leptin has profibrogenic effects in liver, although the mechanisms of this process are unclear. We sought to elucidate the direct and indirect effects of leptin on hepatic stellate cells (HSCs). METHODS HSCs from Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed to leptin and expression of collagen-I, tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinases-1(More)
Guanylin and uroguanylin are peptides that stimulate membrane guanylate cyclases (GC) and regulate intestinal and renal function via cGMP. Complementary DNAs were isolated encoding opossum preproguanylin and a 279-amino acid portion of a receptor-guanylate cyclase expressed in opossum kidney (OK) cells (GC-OK). The tissue expression of messenger RNA(More)
Guanylin and uroguanylin are small peptides containing two disulfide bonds that activate membrane guanylate cyclase-receptors in the intestine, kidney and other epithelia. Hybridization assays with a uroguanylin complementary DNA (cDNA) detected uroguanylin-like messenger RNAs (mRNAs) in the opossum spleen and testis, but these transcripts are larger than(More)
The transport of chloride across the Necturus proximal tubule cell was studied in the doubly-perfused kidney using conventional, chloride-sensitive and pH-sensitive microelectrodes. Lowering chloride activity in the basolateral solution results in a reduction in intracellular Cl- activity (aiCl). This reduction in aiCl is inhibited by removing either HCO-3(More)
Primary human bone marrow megakaryocytes were studied for their ability to express and release cytokines potentially relevant to their proliferation and/or differentiation. The purity of the bone marrow megakaryocytes was assessed by morphologic and immunocytochemical criteria. Unstimulated marrow megakaryocytes constitutively expressed genes for(More)
The choline-deficient, ethionine-supplemented (CDE) dietary model induces chronic liver damage, and stimulates liver progenitor cell (LPC)-mediated repair. Long-term CDE administration leads to hepatocellular carcinoma in rodents and lineage-tracing studies show that LPCs differentiate into functional hepatocytes in this model. The CDE diet was first(More)
Liver progenitor cells (LPCs) can proliferate extensively, are able to differentiate into hepatocytes and cholangiocytes, and contribute to liver regeneration. The presence of LPCs, however, often accompanies liver disease and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), indicating that they may be a cancer stem cell. Understanding LPC biology and establishing a(More)
In a previous study we presented evidence that chloride transport across the basolateral membrane in Necturus proximal tubule cells occurs predominantly via exchange for both Na+ and HCO3-. In this study the regulation of intracellular chloride was further examined in the doubly-perfused kidney preparation using conventional and chloride-sensitive(More)
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