Learn More
UNLABELLED Chemokines, chemotactic cytokines, may promote hepatic inflammation in chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection through the recruitment of lymphocytes to the liver parenchyma. We evaluated the association between inflammation and fibrosis and CXCR3-associated chemokines, interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma)-inducible protein 10 (IP-10/CXCL10), monokine(More)
Word sense disambiguation (WSD) is critical in the biomedical domain for improving the precision of natural language processing (NLP), text mining, and information retrieval systems because ambiguous words negatively impact accurate access to literature containing biomolecular entities, such as genes, proteins, cells, diseases, and other important entities.(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected drug users (DUs) have largely been excluded from HCV care. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature on treatment completion and sustained virologic response (SVR) rates in DUs. We assessed the effects of different treatment approaches and services to promote HCV care among DUs as well(More)
CXCL9 (monokine induced by IFN γ [Mig]) and CXCL10 (interferon [IFN] γ-inducible protein 10 [IP-10]) have been associated with hepatic fibrosis in predominantly white hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected patients. We investigated their potential as noninvasive markers of hepatic fibrosis and fibrosis progression in African-American patients. Peripheral(More)
BACKGROUND Pegylated-interferon (PEG-IFN) and ribavirin (RBV), current standard treatment for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, are frequently associated with neutropenia and anemia, leading to high treatment discontinuation rates in HIV/HCV-coinfected patients. Our objective was to compare the effectiveness of intervening with hematologic growth factors(More)
BACKGROUND CXCR3-associated chemokines CXCL9-CXCL11 promote histologic progression in chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, as indicated by elevated intrahepatic levels of messenger RNA in patients with advanced inflammation and fibrosis. We evaluated the potential of peripheral chemokine levels to discriminate among patients with chronic HCV infection(More)
OBJECTIVES Although persons who inject drugs have high prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, few receive treatment mostly because of lack of knowledge about the infection and its treatment. We assessed the level of HCV-related knowledge and willingness to participate in HCV treatment among methadone-maintained patients. METHODS A 30-item survey(More)
OBJECTIVES Lack of knowledge about hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a principal barrier to substance users' engagement into care for the infection. As a step toward their increased engagement into HCV care, the objective of this study was to deliver an HCV-related educational intervention to substance users on opioid agonist therapy and to assess the change in(More)
The conclusions of Cassani et al. in the January 2015 issue of Nutrition Journal (doi: 10.1186/1475-2891-14-5 ) cannot be substantiated by the analysis reported nor by the data themselves. The authors ascribed the observed decrease in inflammatory markers to the components of flaxseed and based their conclusions on within-group comparisons made between the(More)
OBJECTIVE We sought to develop a score to predict sustained virological response (SVR) in racially diverse HIV/hepatitis C virus (HCV)-coinfected and HCV-monoinfected pegylated interferon/ribavirin-treated patients. METHODS We retrospectively evaluated 374 patients (259 monoinfected and 115 coinfected) treated at a single tertiary care center. The IL28B(More)