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The effect of smearing the temporal envelope on the speech-reception threshold (SRT) for sentences in noise and on phoneme identification was investigated for normal-hearing listeners. For this purpose, the speech signal was split up into a series of frequency bands (width of 1/4, 1/2, or 1 oct) and the amplitude envelope for each band was low-pass filtered(More)
This paper reviews the results of a series of investigations inspired by a model of the speech-reception threshold (SRT) of hearing-impaired listeners. The model contains two parameters accounting for the SRT of normal-hearing listeners (SRT in quiet and signal-to-noise ratio corresponding to the threshold at high noise levels), two parameters describing(More)
The speech-reception threshold (SRT) for sentences presented in a fluctuating interfering background sound of 80 dBA SPL is measured for 20 normal-hearing listeners and 20 listeners with sensorineural hearing impairment. The interfering sounds range from steady-state noise, via modulated noise, to a single competing voice. Two voices are used, one male and(More)
The effect of reducing low-frequency modulations in the temporal envelope on the speech-reception threshold (SRT) for sentences in noise and on phoneme identification was investigated. For this purpose, speech was split up into a series of frequency bands (1/4, 1/2, or 1 oct wide) and the amplitude envelope for each band was high-pass filtered at cutoff(More)
The aim of this article is to promote a better understanding of hearing impairment as a communicative handicap, primarily in noisy environments, and to explain by means of a quantitative model the essentially limited applicability of hearing aids. After data on the prevalence of hearing impairment and of auditory handicap have been reviewed, it is explained(More)
For 140 male subjects (20 per decade between the ages 20 and 89) and 72 female subjects (20 per decade between 60 and 89, and 12 for the age interval 90-96), the monaural speech-reception threshold (SRT) for sentences was investigated in quiet and at four noise levels (22.2, 37.5, 52.5, and 67.5 dBA noise with long-term average speech spectra). The median(More)
A study was made of the effect of interaural time delay (ITD) and acoustic headshadow on binaural speech intelligibility in noise. A free-field condition was simulated by presenting recordings, made with a KEMAR manikin in an anechoic room, through earphones. Recordings were made of speech, reproduced in front of the manikin, and of noise, emanating from(More)
The article deals with the question of why multichannel amplitude compression appears to have a negative rather than a positive effect on speech intelligibility by hearing-impaired listeners. It is argued that the small time constants of amplitude compression diminish the temporal as well as the spectral contrasts in the speech signal. According to the(More)
This paper deals with the following three topics: (1) interfering noise (voice babble, single competing speaker) as the main problem of many hearing-impaired listeners, (2) the amplitude-frequency response of the hearing aid, and (3) the benefit of frequency-dependent compression. Research by the author and his coworkers has shown that: (1) persons with(More)
A group of 15 patients with complaints of having difficulties in understanding speech, especially in noisy surroundings in spite of (nearly) normal pure-tone audiograms, was subjected to a battery of speech-audiometric tests. The results showed that these subjects had a statistically significantly higher speech reception threshold (SRT) for sentences in(More)