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Problem statement: Mobile Ad hoc Network (MANET), a type of network with special characteristics, needs a special mechanism to bear with its ad hoc behavior. Approach: The important issue in MANET is routing protocol. Routing protocol is a standard used to determine the route path taken during the transmission of data. Results: In this study we focused on(More)
—In the recent years, the Ad-Hoc networks have been the focus of many researches especially in the routing protocols which include Proactive and Reactive routing. The strategy of forwarding the data packets from the source to the destination is the ultimate goal of routing protocols. Hence, the difference between these protocols is based on searching,(More)
This paper presents the use of heuristics gained from the syntactic and semantic knowledge for the creation of database design in terms of the Entity-Relationship(ER) model through natural language processing. The application of both syntactic and semantic heuristics is used as the strategy to obtain the relevant ER elements such as entities, attributes and(More)
Bloom's Taxonomy is a classification of learning objectives within education that educators set for students. The cognitive domain within this taxonomy is designed to verify a student's cognitive level during a written examination. Educators may sometimes face the challenge in analysing whether their examination questions comply within the requirements of(More)
MANET is a collection of mobile, decentralized, and self organized nodes. Securing MANET is a problem which adds more challenges on the research. This is because MANET properties make it harder to be secured than the other types of static networks. This paper objective is to summarize different types of attacks over MANET, and concerns with studying sleep(More)