Rosica S Valcheva

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AIMS To characterize lactobacilli isolated from the intestines of ducks or pigs with respect to the production of extracellular homopolysaccharides (HoPS) and oligosaccharides. METHODS AND RESULTS Lactobacillus strains of duck or pig origin were screened for HoPS synthesis and >25% of the isolates produced fructans or glucans from sucrose. Glucan-forming(More)
Modulation of intestinal microbiota by non-digestible carbohydrates may reduce inflammation in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The aim of the present study was to assess the effects of inulin and fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS) on intestinal microbiota and colitis in HLA-B27 transgenic rats, a well-validated rodent model for IBD. In this study, 4-week-old(More)
A polyphasic taxonomic study of the bacterial flora isolated from traditional French wheat sourdough, using phenotypic characterization and phylogenetic as well as genetic methods, revealed a consistent group of isolates that could not be assigned to any recognized species. These results were confirmed by randomly amplified polymorphic DNA and amplified(More)
The microbiota of four industrial French sourdoughs (BF, GO, VB and RF) was characterized by PCR temporal temperature gel electrophoresis (TTGE). The TTGE technique reveals differences in the 16S rDNA V6-V8 regions of these bacteria. DNA was extracted directly from sourdough samples. A specific TTGE fingerprint was determined for 30 bacterial species,(More)
CPT-11 is a drug used as chemotherapy for colorectal cancer. CPT-11 causes toxic side-effects in patients. CPT-11 toxicity has been attributed to the activity of intestinal microbiota, however, intestinal microbiota may also have protective effects in CP!-11 chemotherapy. This study aimed to elucidate mechanisms through which microbiota and dietary fibres(More)
BACKGROUND Prebiotic fibers stimulate the growth and activity of the gut microbiota. Interleukin 10-deficient (IL-10(-/-)) mice develop a colitis that is influenced by the gut microbial composition. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of prebiotic fibers on the intestinal microbiota and immune function in IL-10(-/-) mice. (More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Ulcerative colitis [UC] is associated with colonic mucosa barrier defects and bacterial dysbiosis, but these features may simply be the result of inflammation. Therefore, we sought to assess whether these features are inherently abrogated in the terminal ileum [TI] of UC patients, where inflammation is absent. METHODS TI biopsies from(More)
The production of a novel broad-spectrum antimicrobial peptide enterococcin A 2000, active against Gram-positive and Gram-negative microorganisms includingListeria subsp. andEscherichia coli, byEnterococcus faecium strain A 2000 isolated from the surface of traditional Bulgarian yellow cheese “kash-kaval” is considerably influenced by complex nitrogen(More)
AIMS The organization of ribosomal RNA (rrn) operons in Lactobacillus sanfranciscensis was studied in order to establish an easy-to-perform method for identification of L. sanfranciscensis strains, based on the length and sequence polymorphism of the 16S-23S rDNA intergenic spacer region (ISR). METHODS AND RESULTS PCR amplification of the 16S-23S rDNA(More)
The genus Carnobacterium is currently divided into the following eight species: Carnobacterium piscicola, C. divergens, C. gallinarum, C. mobile, C. funditum, C. alterfunditum, C. inhibens, and C. viridans. An identification tool for the rapid differentiation of these eight Carnobacterium species was developed, based on the 16S-23S ribosomal DNA (rDNA)(More)