Learn More
Security and reliability in processor based systems are concernsrequiring adroit solutions.Securityis often compromised by code injection attacks, jeopardizing even `trusted software'.Reliabilityis of concern where unintended code is executed in modern processors with ever smaller feature sizes and low voltage swings causing bit flips. Countermeasures by(More)
Side channel attacks are becoming a major threat to the security of embedded systems. Countermeasures proposed to overcome Simple Power Analysis (SPA) and Differential Power Analysis (DPA), are data masking, table masking, current flattening, circuitry level solutions, dummy instruction insertions and balancing bit-flips. All these techniques are either(More)
Reliability in embedded processors can be improved by control flow checking and such checking can be conducted using software or hardware. Proposed software-only approaches suffer from significant code size penalties, resulting in poor performance. Proposed hardware-assisted approaches are not scalable and therefore cannot be implemented in real embedded(More)
This paper presents a methodology for monitoring security in Application Specific Instruction-set Processors (ASIPs). This is a generalized methodology for inline monitoring insecure operations in machine instructions at microinstruction level. Microinstructions are embedded into the critical machine instructions forming self checking instructions. We name(More)
One of the security issues in embedded system is the ability of an adversary to perform side channel attacks. Power analysis attacks are often very successful, where the power sequence dissipated by the system is observed and analyzed to predict secret keys. In this paper we show a processor architecture, which automatically detects the execution of the(More)
— Huge amount of data in the form of strings are being handled in bio-computing applications and searching algorithms are quite frequently used in them. Many methods utilizing on both software and hardware are being proposed to accelerate processing of such data. The typical hardware-based acceleration techniques either require special hardware such as(More)
Numerous methods have been described in research literature with methods to improve reliability of processors by the use of control-flow checking. High performance and code-size penalties cripple the proposed software approaches, while hardware approaches are not scalable and are thus rarely implemented in real embedded systems. In this article, we show(More)
Multiple string matching is known as locating all the occurrences of a given number of patterns in an arbitrary string. It is used in bio-computing applications where the algorithms are commonly used for retrieval of information such as sequence analysis and gene/protein identification. Extremely large amount of data in the form of strings has to be(More)
Checkpoint and Recovery (CR) allows computer systems to operate correctly even when compromised by transient faults. While many software systems and hardware systems for CR do exist, they are usually either too large, require major modifications to the software, too slow, or require extensive modifications to the caching schemes. In this paper, we propose a(More)
— Advances in life sciences over the last few decades have lead to the generation of a huge amount of biological data. Computing research has become a vital part in driving biological discovery where analysis and categorization of biological data are involved. String matching algorithms can be applied for protein/gene sequence matching and with the(More)