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Growth of new blood vessels (angiogenesis), required for all tumor growth, is stimulated by the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). VEGF is up-regulated in all known solid tumors but also in atherosclerosis, diabetic retinopathy, arthritis, and many other conditions. Conventional VEGF isoforms have been universally described as(More)
Prion diseases such as Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) are fatal, neuro-degenerative disorders with no known therapy. A proportion of the UK population has been exposed to a bovine spongiform encephalopathy-like prion strain and are at risk of developing variant CJD. A hallmark of prion disease is the transformation of normal cellular prion protein (PrP(C))(More)
Flow cytometric analysis of eosin-5-maleimide (EMA) binding to red cells is a screening test for the diagnosis of hereditary spherocytosis (HS). The present study used chemical modifications to determine the integral membrane proteins that react with EMA. The predominant interaction of EMA, contributing c. 80% of fluorescence, was with the epsilon-NH2 group(More)
INTRODUCTION Hereditary spherocytosis (HS) and hereditary pyropoikilocytosis (HPP, severe form of hereditary elliptocytosis) are unrelated red cell disorders caused by defects in distinct regions of the red cell cytoskeleton. The high predictive value of the eosin-5-maleimide (EMA)-binding test for the diagnosis of HS is because of its interaction with(More)
We have developed a sensitive, reliable, optimized ELISA to measure human IgM monoclonal antibodies using a novel shaking incubator system with short incubation periods of 15 min at 37 degrees C for all stages. The shaking incubator is compared with a static incubator over a range of incubation times and temperatures. For each stage using static incubation(More)
Alloimmune feto-maternal destruction of blood cells is thought to be mediated by binding of alloantibodies to Fc receptors on effector cells. Blocking the antigen using inert antibodies might prolong cell survival. We have performed a "proof of principle" study in volunteers to measure the intravascular survival of autologous red cells coated with human(More)
Enucleation is the step in erythroid terminal differentiation when the nucleus is expelled from developing erythroblasts creating reticulocytes and free nuclei surrounded by plasma membrane. We have studied protein sorting during human erythroblast enucleation using fluorescence activated cell sorting (FACS) to obtain pure populations of reticulocytes and(More)
BACKGROUND Testing for alloantibodies against human platelet antigens (HPAs) is essential for the clinical diagnosis of fetomaternal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (FMAIT), posttransfusion purpura, and platelet (PLT) refractoriness. Most of the methods currently used for HPA alloantibody detection rely on the availability of panels of HPA-typed PLTs and some(More)
Three synthetic peptides encompassing the entire cytoplasmic polypeptide sequence (amino acid residues 82-128) of glycophorin C (GPC) and glycophorin D (GPD) were used to immunize mice for the production of monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs). Only the synthetic peptide (GPC-peptide-1) corresponding to C-terminal residues 112-128 elicited a MoAb (named BGRL-100)(More)
BACKGROUND Quantitation of fetomaternal hemorrhage (FMH) is performed to determine the dose of prophylactic anti-D (RhIG) required to prevent D immunization of D- women. Flow cytometry (FC) is the most accurate method. However, maternal white blood cells (WBCs) can give high background by binding anti-D nonspecifically, compromising accuracy. STUDY DESIGN(More)