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In this study, we investigated 17- to 18-year-old boys and girls to determine whether changes in humoral or cellular immunity or respiratory complaints were related to blood serum levels of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and dioxin-like compounds after lifetime exposure in Flanders (Belgium). We obtained blood samples from and administered questionnaires(More)
The ethical and economic burden associated with animal testing for assessment of skin sensitization has triggered intensive research effort towards development and validation of alternative methods. In addition, new legislation on the registration and use of cosmetics and chemicals promote the use of suitable alternatives for hazard assessment. Our previous(More)
With the objective to evaluate exposure of the population in Flanders (Belgium) to perfluorinated compounds (PFCs), we measured perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) in settled dust in homes and offices, in a selection of food items from local origin, in drinking-water and in human serum. We complemented the data with results(More)
Dendritic cells (DC) have been shown to capture and process antigens and play an initiating role in contact sensitization. Cells with dendritic morphology can be generated in vitro either from CD34(+) cord blood cells or from CD14(+) peripheral monocytes. The aim of this study was to determine the state of maturation/activation of both populations after(More)
Murine bone marrow cells synthesize bone proteins, including alkaline phosphatase (ALP), collagen type I, and osteocalcin, and form a mineralized extracellular matrix when cultured in the presence of beta-glycerophosphate and vitamin C. Interleukin-10 (IL-10) suppressed the synthesis of these bone proteins and mineralization without affecting cell(More)
One of the most promising alternatives to identify the sensitizing potency of new products is the in vitro culture of human dendritic cells (DC). In vivo, dendritic cells present in the skin are highly specialized antigen-presenting cells (APC) of the immune system, which play a crucial role in the induction of allergic reactions. The DC produce specific(More)
Transcriptomic analyses revealed a discriminating gene expression profile in human CD34+ progenitor-derived dendritic cells (DC) after exposure to skin sensitizers versus non-sensitizers. Starting from the differential expression in a small set of genes, a preliminary classification model (VITOSENS®) has been developed to identify chemicals as(More)
Asthma is the most common chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways among children. It is a complex clinical disease characterized by airway obstruction, airway inflammation and airway hyperresponsiveness to a variety of stimuli. The development of allergic asthma exists of three phases, namely the induction phase, the early-phase asthmatic reaction(More)
The skin-sensitizing potential of chemicals is an important concern for public health and thus a significant end point in the hazard identification process. To determine skin-sensitizing capacity, large research efforts focus on the development of assays, which do not require animals. As such, an in vitro test has previously been developed based on the(More)
The underlying events of how dendritic cells (DC) are capable of evoking an antigen-specific skin sensitization response are not yet understood. Recently, we revealed a set of genes in human cord blood CD34(+) DC (CD34-DC) that show a discriminating behaviour after skin sensitizing exposure. Based on their differential expression, an in vitro assay was(More)