Rosemary T Santangelo

Learn More
The pathogenic fungus Cryptococcus neoformans produces an extracellular PLB1 (phospholipase B1), shown previously to be a virulence factor. A novel phospholipase (LPL1) with only LPL (lysophospholipase) and LPTA (transacylase) activities has now been characterized in C. gattii, and found to be a 66-kDa glycoprotein (by SDS/PAGE), with a native molecular(More)
A recent study demonstrated that phospholipase B (PLB), lysophospholipase (LPL) and lysophopholipase transacylase (LPTA) are secreted by Cryptococcus neoformans var. neoformans and showed that the amount of enzyme production correlated with virulence in mice. The present study characterised the extracellular enzyme activities further by radiometric assays(More)
We recently identified phospholipase activity as a potential virulence factor of Cryptococcus neoformans. We have now defined the nature of the phospholipase activity produced by a clinical isolate of C. neoformans var. neoformans, under native conditions, by 1H and 31P nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and thin-layer chromatography (TLC) of(More)
The yeast, Cryptococcus neoformans var. neoformans is a major contributor to the morbidity and mortality experienced by the immunosuppressed population. With a view to providing better treatment, identification of cryptococcal virulence factors is an important goal, with most effort to date directed toward the significance of structural variations in the(More)
Extracellular phospholipase B (PLB) is a virulence determinant of Cryptococcus neoformans and Cryptococcus gattii. In this study, we developed a sensitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for PLB antigen with a detection limit of 3.9 ng mL(-1). PLB was detected in culture supernatants of C. neoformans and C. gattii. PLB, however, was not detected(More)
Human neutrophils incubated for 1 h in vitro with 10% commercial pooled, human serum containing high levels of free fatty acids (1141 microM) displayed a distinct lipid signal, typical of triacylglycerol, in the 1H NMR spectrum. Concurrently their plasma membrane triacylglycerol mass increased 4.6-fold with a selective rise in the content of palmitic and(More)
Secreted phospholipases are virulence factors of several fungi, including Cryptococcus neoformans. We describe for the first time the detection by ELISA of antibodies to cryptococcal phospholipase B in the serum of patients infected with C. neoformans or C. gattii. Sixty-nine sera from 25 patients with cryptococcosis, 23 patients with Candida infections and(More)
  • 1