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Boundaries between formal and informal learning settings are shaped by influences beyond learners' control. This can lead to the proscription of some familiar technologies that learners may like to use from some learning settings. This contested demarcation is not well documented. In this paper, we introduce the term 'digital dissonance' to describe this(More)
The M-Ecolab was developed to provide motivational scaffolding via an on-screen character whose demeanour defended on modelling the learner's motivational state at interaction time. Motivational modelling was based on three variables: effort, independence and the confidence. A classroom evaluation was conducted to illustrate the effects of motivational(More)
This paper is based upon a Keynote presentation at CAL07 and extends previous introductory descriptions of the Ecology of Resources model of educational contexts. The relationships between the elements in the Ecology of Resources are a particular focus for discussion here. In particular, we consider how we might use the Ecology of Resources model to(More)
When we consider the possibilities for the design and evaluation of Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) we probably constrain the CS in CSCL to situations in which learners, or groups of learners collaborate with each other around a single computer, across a local intranet or via the global internet. We probably also consider situations in(More)
An assumption behind much work on the use of tangibles for learning is that there are individual cognitive benefits related to the physical manipulation of materials. However, previous work that has shown learning benefits in using physical materials often hasn't adequately controlled for the covariates of physicality. In this paper, we describe a study(More)
Narrative is fundamental to the ways we make sense of texts ofall kinds because it provides structure and coherence, but it isdifficult to see how this works in the context of multimediainteractive learning environments (MILES). We tested our hypothesesabout the form and function of narrative in MILES by developingthree versions of material on CD-ROM which(More)