Learn More
  • Rosemary J. Averya, W. Keith Bryantb, +7 authors Duncan Bell
  • 2010
This article may be used for research, teaching and private study purposes. Any substantial or systematic reproduction, redistribution , reselling , loan or sub-licensing, systematic supply or distribution in any form to anyone is expressly forbidden. The publisher does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents(More)
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is the most common and the most severe of the muscular dystrophies in man. It is inherited as an X-linked recessive trait and is characterized by ongoing necrosis of skeletal muscle fibres with regeneration and eventually fibrosis and fatty infiltration. Although the gene and gene product which are defective in DMD have(More)
A feline immunodeficiency virus-like virus (FIV-Oma) isolated from a Pallas' cat (Otocolobus manul) is highly cytopathic in CrFK cells, in contrast to the chronic, noncytolytic infection established by an FIV isolate from a domestic cat (FIV-Fca). The virions have typical lentivirus morphology, density, and magnesium-dependent reverse transcriptase(More)
A Drosophila melanogaster cell line has been examined for the presence of retrovirus particles. When these cells were disrupted and analysed on sucrose density gradients a subcellular fraction with a density of 1.22 g/ml was found to possess endogenous DNA polymerase activity and could catalyse polymerization of deoxynucleotide triphosphates in response to(More)
Neoplastic transformation by C-type retroviruses requires synthesis of a DNA copy (the provirus) of the RNA genome and its integration into the host cell DNA. We have previously shown that interferon (IFN) can stably prevent transformation of murine fibroblasts by the Kirsten strain of murine sarcoma virus (KiMSV), a murine leukaemia virus (MLV). A series(More)
A family of dispersed, moderately repeated mouse genetic elements is expressed as retrovirus-like 30S RNA species (VL30 RNA) which can be transmitted to other cells when packaged as a pseudovirion complex by murine leukemia viruses (MuLV). Using the endogenous reverse transcriptase reaction of VL30 RNA-containing MuLV particles, full-length VL30 DNA was(More)
A lentivirus has been isolated from a Finnish ewe with ovine progressive pneumonia in a closed upstate New York flock. We demonstrated that the virus, designated ovine lentivirus strain CU1 (OLV-CU1), is biologically, biochemically and molecularly related to, but distinct from, previously described sheep and goat lentiviruses. Nine of 32 ewes (from the(More)
We have determined the nucleotide sequence and mapped the transcriptional boundaries in the long terminal repeats (LTRs) and adjacent regions of a retrovirus transmissible virus-like 30S ( VL30 ) mouse genetic element. The 572 base pair LTRs contain transcriptional regulatory sequences and are bounded by short imperfect repeats, with a minus strand tRNAgly(More)
Although ovine lentiviruses have been described in the United States since the early part of this century, North American strains of sheep lentiviruses remain relatively uncharacterized at the molecular level. The LTR of a North American ovine lentivirus, OLV-CU1, was found to be closely related at the molecular and functional levels to visna virus, the(More)
We examine whether exposure to direct-to-consumer advertising (DTCA) for antidepressant drugs affects individual use of these medications among those suffering from depression. Prior studies have almost exclusively relied on making connections between national or market-level advertising volume/expenditures and national or individual-level usage of(More)