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Entry of HIV-1 into target cells requires cell-surface CD4 and additional host cell cofactors. A cofactor required for infection with virus adapted for growth in transformed T-cell lines was recently identified and named fusin. However, fusin does not promote entry of macrophage-tropic viruses, which are believed to be the key pathogenic strains in vivo.(More)
In this study, the authors examined the relationship between teacher and student enjoyment. Based on social– cognitive approaches to emotions, they hypothesized (a) that teacher enjoyment and student enjoyment within classrooms are positively linked and (b) that teacher enthusiasm mediates the relationship between teacher and student enjoyment.(More)
The influence of cortical neurotransmitters and cyclic AMP on the release of immunoreactive somatostatin (IRS)from cultured cortical cells was examined. Cells were obtained by mechanoenzymatic dispersal of telencephalons of 17-day-old rat embryos and were maintained as monolayers in minimum essential medium with 10% heat-inactivated horse serum. After the(More)
Corticotropin-releasing factor injected intracerebroventricularly in a dose of 1 microgram produced a prolonged locomotor activation (3 h) in rats previously habituated to the test cage environment. This activation was reversed by alpha-flupenthixol (intraperitoneally), a dopamine receptor antagonist, only at cataleptic doses and not at all by naloxone(More)
Lentiviruses are potentially advantageous compared to oncoretroviruses as gene transfer agents because they can infect nondividing cells. We demonstrate here that human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-based vectors were highly efficient in transducing purified human hematopoietic stem cells. Transduction rates, measured by marker gene expression or by(More)
Ovine corticotropin-releasing factor (oCRF) was administered to male rats for 3-15 days. Continuous intravenous infusion, repeated subcutaneous, and intracerebroventricular injections of oCRF resulted in a 50-100% increase in messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) coding for proopiomelanocortin (POMC) in the anterior pituitaries (AP) of these animals. The(More)
(2011) The relationship between parent-child conflict and adolescent antisocial behavior: confirming shared environmental mediation. (2003). Teachers'emotions and teaching: A review of the literature and directions for future research. preschool experience: complex effects on first graders' vocabulary and early reading outcomes. Can instructional and(More)
The influence of membrane depolarization on somatostatin release from cerebral cortical neurons was examined. Fetal rat telencephalic cells, obtained by mechanoenzymatic dispersal, were maintained as organotypic monolayer cultures for 12 days before experimental studies. The immunoreactive somatostatin (IRS) released into the medium during a treatment epoch(More)
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