Rosemary B Ikram

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Epidemiological studies, using the probe Ca3, have shown that in a given patient population a single cluster of genetically related Candida albicans isolates usually predominates. The authors have investigated whether these local clusters are part of a single group, geographically widespread and highly prevalent as an aetiological agent of various types of(More)
AIM This study was designed to determine the risk factors for acquiring campylobacter infection in Christchurch in the summer of 1992/3. METHODS A case control study was conducted of 100 cases and controls from urban areas matched for age and sex. Cases and controls were interviewed by telephone using a questionnaire and results analysed using the Epi(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the epidemiological relationship between non-invasive penicillin non-susceptible Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates collected in the Christchurch community between 1997 and 2001. METHODS One hundred and ninety-seven pneumococcal isolates were examined by macrorestriction profile analysis of SmaI-digested genomic DNA separated by(More)
A case of Campylobacter jejuni (C. jejuni) myocarditis in a young man is described. C. jejuni was isolated from the patient's stools and he developed specific antibodies to this organism. Tests for other etiological agents (Salmonella, Shigella, Brucella abortus, beta-hemolytic streptococcus Group A, Treponema pallidum and coxsackievirus B) proved negative.
PURPOSE To retrospectively study the prophylaxis of invasive aspergillosis in neutropenic patients and to relate the frequency of this fungal disease to any causal or modifying factors that could be identified. PATIENTS AND METHODS Between 1977 and 1988, 130 patients underwent 158 intensive treatment episodes to control acute leukemia, lymphoma, and(More)
The waiting rooms of general practitioners' surgeries usually have toys provided for children. The level of contamination of these toys and the effectiveness of toy decontamination was investigated in this study. Hard toys from general practitioners' waiting rooms had relatively low levels of contamination, with only 13.5% of toys showing any coliform(More)
AIMS To determine the resistance rates and patterns in bacteria causing uncomplicated urinary tract infections (UTIs) presenting to general practitioners (GPs) in Christchurch. METHODS 82 randomly selected GPs in Christchurch participated in the study. Midstream urine (MSU) samples were prospectively collected for standard microbiological analysis on all(More)
The impact of intranasal amphotericin B and high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filtration on the incidence of invasive aspergillosis was reviewed in patients from 1977 to 1994 undergoing intensive chemotherapy. Overall, the incidence of proven invasive aspergillosis was reduced from 24.4% (1977-1984) to 7.1% (1985-1991) (P < 0.001) following the(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of topical negative pressure, delivered using Vacuum Assisted Closure (VAC, KCI), on the microbiology of chronic, non-infected venous leg ulcers (VLUs). METHOD Patients receiving compression therapy for a chronic VLU were recruited into this prospective pilot study. The ulcer was swabbed and VAC was applied at 125mmHg(More)
New Zealand's campylobacteriosis epidemic reached a new peak in May 2006 with the annualised national notification rate exceeding 400 per 100,000 for the first time, the highest national rate reported in the literature. The epidemic is estimated to cause at least 1 fatality a year, >800 hospitalisations, and >100,000 cases in the community, and cost the New(More)