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AIM This study was designed to determine the risk factors for acquiring campylobacter infection in Christchurch in the summer of 1992/3. METHODS A case control study was conducted of 100 cases and controls from urban areas matched for age and sex. Cases and controls were interviewed by telephone using a questionnaire and results analysed using the Epi(More)
Epidemiological studies, using the probe Ca3, have shown that in a given patient population a single cluster of genetically related Candida albicans isolates usually predominates. The authors have investigated whether these local clusters are part of a single group, geographically widespread and highly prevalent as an aetiological agent of various types of(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of topical negative pressure, delivered using Vacuum Assisted Closure (VAC, KCI), on the microbiology of chronic, non-infected venous leg ulcers (VLUs). METHOD Patients receiving compression therapy for a chronic VLU were recruited into this prospective pilot study. The ulcer was swabbed and VAC was applied at 125mmHg(More)
The waiting rooms of general practitioners' surgeries usually have toys provided for children. The level of contamination of these toys and the effectiveness of toy decontamination was investigated in this study. Hard toys from general practitioners' waiting rooms had relatively low levels of contamination, with only 13.5% of toys showing any coliform(More)
Sputum samples submitted to the microbiology laboratory from general medical and respiratory wards were monitored for Moraxella catarrhalis on a prospective basis. All isolates were typed by restriction endonuclease typing. Nosocomial spread was found both by the clustering of cases and typing of isolates. Sampling of the environment of some cases was(More)
AIMS To describe prescribing for women with suspected urinary tract infections, including suspected uncomplicated cystitis, in New Zealand. METHODS Randomly selected community pharmacies participated in the study. Women attending the pharmacy in a 2-week period in 2012 for prescribed or non-prescription treatment of symptoms suggesting a urinary tract(More)
New Zealand's campylobacteriosis epidemic reached a new peak in May 2006 with the annualised national notification rate exceeding 400 per 100,000 for the first time, the highest national rate reported in the literature. The epidemic is estimated to cause at least 1 fatality a year, >800 hospitalisations, and >100,000 cases in the community, and cost the New(More)
AIMS To determine the current antibiotic susceptibility patterns of Streptococcus pneumoniae from four centres in New Zealand. METHODS Over a six-month period in 1997, 386 consecutive clinical isolates of S pneumoniae were collected by four laboratories (Auckland, Wellington, Hamilton and Christchurch) from general practice or inpatients. Susceptibility(More)
PURPOSE To retrospectively study the prophylaxis of invasive aspergillosis in neutropenic patients and to relate the frequency of this fungal disease to any causal or modifying factors that could be identified. PATIENTS AND METHODS Between 1977 and 1988, 130 patients underwent 158 intensive treatment episodes to control acute leukemia, lymphoma, and(More)