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This prospective study evaluated the effects of propofol sedation on the incidence of intraoperative seizures and the adequacy of electrocorticographic (ECoG) recordings during awake craniotomy performed for the management of refractory epilepsy. Thirty patients scheduled for temporal or frontal lobectomy for epilepsy under bupivacaine scalp block were(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Our objective was to develop a method to correct for the effect of partial volume averaging (PVA) in the CT measurement of contrast enhancement in small arteries, and to validate a dynamic contrast-enhanced CT method for the measurement of regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF). METHODS Contrast-enhanced CT scans of tubes of known(More)
BACKGROUND Hyperventilation has been an integral, but poorly validated part of neuroanesthetic practice. We conducted a two-period, crossover, randomized trial to evaluate surgeon-assessed brain bulk and measured intracranial pressure (ICP) in patients undergoing craniotomy for removal of supratentorial brain tumors during moderate hypocapnia or(More)
The use of remifentanil for sedation during awake epilepsy surgery has been described in a case report. However, little information is available regarding the effect of remifentanil on the quality of intraoperative electrocorticography (ECoG). This study was designed to investigate the effect of sedative doses of remifentanil on ECoG interictal spike(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE CT is an imaging technique that is routinely used for evaluating brain tumors. Nonetheless, imaging often cannot show the distinction between radiation necrosis and neoplastic growth among patients with recurrent symptoms after radiation therapy. In such cases, a diagnostic tool that provides perfusion measurements with high anatomic(More)
The aim of this prospective study was to assess the feasibility and diagnostic relevance of repetitive dynamic (contrast-enhanced) CT measurements of cerebral blood flow (CBF), cerebral blood volume (CBV), and mean transit time (MTT) in the first 3 weeks after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). In 15 patients with SAH, 59 dynamic CT studies including(More)
OBJECTIVE To conduct a pilot trial of mild intraoperative hypothermia during cerebral aneurysm surgery. METHODS One hundred fourteen patients undergoing cerebral aneurysm clipping with (n = 52) (World Federation of Neurological Surgeons score < or =III) and without (n = 62) acute aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) were randomized to normothermic(More)
This prospective study evaluated the safety and efficacy of patient-controlled sedation (PCS) using propofol during awake seizure surgery performed under bupivacaine scalp blocks. Thirty-seven patients were randomized to receive either propofol PCS combined with a basal infusion of propofol (n = 20) or neurolept analgesia using an initial bolus dose of(More)
UNLABELLED The electrophysiologic effects of sevoflurane are not well characterized in humans. Among patients with refractory epilepsy, this study compared 1) electroencephalographic (EEG) interictal spike activity during wakefulness and sevoflurane anesthesia, and 2) electrocorticographically (ECoG) recorded interictal spike activity during sevoflurane and(More)
The purpose of this investigation was to assess the interactive influence of sympathetic activation and supplemental NO on brachial artery distensibility versus its diameter. It was hypothesized that a) sympathetic activation and nitric oxide competitively impact muscular conduit artery (brachial artery) mechanics, and b) neurogenic constrictor input(More)