Rosemary A. Warren

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Calcium-activated potassium channels were expressed in Xenopus oocytes by injection of RNA transcribed in vitro from complementary DNAs derived from the slo locus of Drosophila melanogaster. Many cDNAs were found that encode closely related proteins of about 1200 aa. The predicted sequences of these proteins differ by the substitution of blocks of amino(More)
Here we visualize new aspects of the dynamics of endocytotic clathrin-coated pits and vesicles in mammalian cells by using a fusion protein consisting of green fluorescent protein and clathrin light chain a. Clathrin-coated pits invaginating from the plasma membrane show definite, but highly limited, mobility within the membrane that is relaxed upon(More)
Several types of domain occur in beta-1, 4-glycanases. The best characterized of these are the catalytic domains and the cellulose-binding domains. The domains may be joined by linker sequences rich in proline or hydroxyamino acids or both. Some of the enzymes contain repeated sequences up to 150 amino acids in length. The enzymes can be grouped into(More)
Microorganisms are efficient degraders of starch, chitin, and the polysaccharides in plant cell walls. Attempts to purify hydrolases led to the realization that a microorganism may produce a multiplicity of enzymes, referred to as a system, for the efficient utilization of a polysaccharide. In order to fully characterize a particular enzyme, it must be(More)
CenA is a bacterial cellulase (beta-1,4-glucanase) comprised of a globular catalytic domain joined to an extended cellulose-binding domain (CBD) by a short linker peptide. The adsorption of CenA and its two isolated domains to crystalline cellulose was analyzed. CenA and CBD.PTCenA' (the CBD plus linker) adsorbed rapidly to cellulose at 30 degrees C, and no(More)
Cellulose-binding domains (CBDs) are discrete protein modules found in a large number of carbohydrolases and a few nonhydrolytic proteins. To date, almost 200 sequences can be classified in 13 different families with distinctly different properties. CBDs vary in size from 4 to 20 kDa and occur at different positions within the polypeptides; N-terminal,(More)
A scheme is proposed for designating enzymes that hydrolyse the polysaccharides in the cell walls of plants. These enzymes are predominantly beta-1,4-glycanases. The scheme is based on the classification of the catalytic domains of glycoside hydrolases into families of related amino acid sequences. The new designation for an enzyme indicates its family and,(More)
Endocytosis of surface proteins through clathrin-coated pits requires an internalization signal in the cytoplasmic domain. Two types of internalization signal have been described: one requiring a tyrosine as the critical residue (tyrosine-based motif), and the other consisting of either two consecutive leucines or an isoleucine and leucine (dileucine(More)