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Neural progenitor cells obtained from the embryonic human forebrain were expanded up to 10(7)-fold in culture in the presence of epidermal growth factor, basic fibroblast growth factor, and leukemia inhibitory growth factor. When transplanted into neurogenic regions in the adult rat brain, the subventricular zone, and hippocampus, the in vitro propagated(More)
The use of a recently commissioned small-diameter, high-resolution positron emission tomography (PET) to obtain a measure of specific binding of 3 carbon-11 labelled ligands in rat striatum is described. Using cerebellum as a reference tissue, compartmental modelling was used to obtain individual estimates of striatal binding potential (defined as the ratio(More)
In vitro, epidermal growth factor (EGF)-responsive neural progenitor cells exhibit multipotent properties and can differentiate into both neurons and glia. Using an in utero xenotransplantation approach we examined the developmental potential of EGF-responsive cells derived from E14 mouse ganglionic eminences, cortical primordium, and ventral mesencephalon,(More)
During development a tightly controlled signaling cascade dictates the differentiation, maturation and survival of developing neurons. Understanding this signaling mechanism is important for developing therapies for neurodegenerative illnesses. In previous work we have sought to understand the complex signaling pathways responsible for the development of(More)
The motor consequences of excitotoxic striatal damage have been evaluated extensively in the rat, using tests of whole body motor asymmetry and of deficits in skilled paw and limb movements. However conflicting results of both the type and extent of behavioural deficits have been reported, particularly in the direction of rotation observed in response to(More)
Grafts of embryonic striatal primordia are able to elicit behavioural recovery in rats which have received an excitotoxic lesion to the striatum, and it is believed that the P zones or striatal-like tissue within the transplants play a crucial role in these functional effects. We performed this study to compare the effects of different donor stage of(More)
Huntington’s disease (HD) is a neurodegenerative disease where GABAergic medium spiny neurons (MSNs) in the striatum degenerate. Embryonic stem cell-derived neural transplantation may provide an appropriate therapy for HD. Here we aimed to develop a suitable protocol to obtain a high percentage of functional GABAergic neurons from mouse embryonic stem cells(More)
The present study examined whether implants of epidermal growth factor (EGF)-responsive stems cells derived from transgenic mice in which the glial fibrillary acid protein (GFAP) promoter directs the expression of human nerve growth factor (hNGF) could prevent the degeneration of striatal neurons in a rodent model of Huntington's disease (HD). Rats received(More)
The effects of the stage of donor embryos on the survival of grafts from different neuronal cell types have been well documented. Indeed, this parameter has been shown to be highly important in the survival and function of transplants of various tissues of the CNS. However this question has not been addressed in grafts of embryonic striatal tissue(More)
A small diameter positron emission tomography (PET) scanner has been used to monitor [11C]raclopride (D2 receptor) binding in vivo in either intact striatum, denervated striatum following an excitotoxic lesion with ibotenic acid, or lesioned and grafted striatum following implantation of cortical or striatal tissue grafts in rats. Binding of [11C]raclopride(More)