Rosemary A. Barnes

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The burden of human disease related to medically important fungal pathogens is substantial. An improved understanding of antifungal pharmacology and antifungal pharmacokinetics-pharmacodynamics has resulted in therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) becoming a valuable adjunct to the routine administration of some antifungal agents. TDM may increase the(More)
The limitations of classical diagnostic methods for invasive fungal infections (IFIs) have led to the development of molecular techniques to aid in the detection of IFIs. Despite good published performance, interlaboratory reproduction of these assays is variable, and no consensus has been reached for an optimal method. This publication describes the first(More)
BACKGROUND Invasive aspergillosis (IA) is associated with high mortality. Successful outcome with treatment is linked to early diagnosis. The utility of classic diagnostic methods, however, is limited. METHODS To aid in the diagnosis of IA, we retrospectively assessed our diagnostic service, using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and(More)
A systematic review and meta-analysis was done on the use of PCR tests for the diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis. Data from more than 10000 blood, serum, or plasma samples obtained from 1618 patients at risk for invasive aspergillosis were retrieved from 16 studies. Overall, the mean diagnostic odds ratios (DORs) of PCR for proven and probable cases were(More)
PCR has been used as an aid in the diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis for almost 2 decades. A lack of standardization has limited both its acceptance as a diagnostic tool and multicenter clinical evaluations, preventing its inclusion in disease-defining criteria. In 2006, the European Aspergillus PCR Initiative was formed. The aim of the initiative was to(More)
This two-year prospective hospital population-based study of candidaemia is the first to be conducted in the UK. It was carried out on behalf on the British Society for Medical Mycology (BSMM) as part of the European Confederation of Medical Mycology (ECMM) epidemiological survey of candidaemia. Six hospitals in England and Wales acted as sentinel(More)
Diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis remains a significant problem. PCR testing may aid diagnosis but is not yet included in disease-defining criteria due to a lack of standardization of assays and methodologies. This study investigated the analytical performance and the clinical sensitivity and specificity of the Myconostica MycAssay Aspergillus PCR (MAP)(More)
The accepted limitations associated with classic culture techniques for the diagnosis of invasive fungal infections have lead to the emergence of many non-culture-based methods. With superior sensitivities and quicker turnaround times, non-culture-based methods may aid the diagnosis of invasive fungal infections. In this review of the diagnostic service, we(More)
Outcomes for invasive fungal infections have greatly improved in the past decade, and several new antifungal drugs have been or will be licensed in the next few years. Early accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment have major impact on survival. In a 1995 survey of laboratory practice in the UK for mycology, major disparities were seen, with many(More)
The diagnosis of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is problematic despite numerous attempts at defining acceptable diagnostic criteria and the optimal technique for routine respiratory sampling. Clinical criteria have imperfect diagnostic reliability in ventilated patients, but remain crucial for defining those patients who may require respiratory(More)