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A systematic review and meta-analysis was done on the use of PCR tests for the diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis. Data from more than 10000 blood, serum, or plasma samples obtained from 1618 patients at risk for invasive aspergillosis were retrieved from 16 studies. Overall, the mean diagnostic odds ratios (DORs) of PCR for proven and probable cases were(More)
Guidelines for the prevention and treatment of infection in patients with an absent or dysfunctional spleen were first published by the British Committee for Standards in Haematology in 1996. Key aspects of these guidelines related to anti-infective prophylaxis, immunisation schedules and treatment of proven or suspected infection. A recent review of the(More)
Diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis (IA) remains challenging. With a relatively low incidence of disease, the use of expensive empirical antifungal therapy exposes many patients to unnecessary toxicity. Diagnosis places emphasis on specific but temporal radiological evidence. Circulating biomarker diagnosis has shown potential, but assays show variable(More)
Fungal infection in critically ill patients is an increasingly prevalent problem. Candida spp. cause the majority of these infections in ICU. They occur most commonly in patients with severe underlying illness, multiple courses of antibiotics and intravascular catheters. Clinical diagnosis is difficult due to nonspecific signs and the frequent occurrence of(More)
BACKGROUND Aspergillus polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was excluded from the European Organisation for the Research and Treatment of Cancer/Mycoses Study Group (EORTC/MSG) definitions of invasive fungal disease because of limited standardization and validation. The definitions are being revised. METHODS A systematic literature review was performed to(More)
Standardized methodologies for the molecular detection of invasive aspergillosis (IA) have been established by the European Aspergillus PCR Initiative for the testing of whole blood, serum, and plasma. While some comparison of the performance of Aspergillus PCR when testing these different sample types has been performed, no single study has evaluated all(More)
BACKGROUND Amphotericin B is a widely used broad-spectrum antifungal agent, despite being associated with significant adverse events, including nephrotoxicity. METHODS The present prospective study collected data on outcomes for 418 adult patients treated consecutively with polyenes in hematology and oncology wards in 20 hospitals in Europe. RESULTS(More)
The limitations of classical diagnostic methods for invasive fungal infections (IFIs) have led to the development of molecular techniques to aid in the detection of IFIs. Despite good published performance, interlaboratory reproduction of these assays is variable, and no consensus has been reached for an optimal method. This publication describes the first(More)
The burden of human disease related to medically important fungal pathogens is substantial. An improved understanding of antifungal pharmacology and antifungal pharmacokinetics-pharmacodynamics has resulted in therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) becoming a valuable adjunct to the routine administration of some antifungal agents. TDM may increase the(More)
This two-year prospective hospital population-based study of candidaemia is the first to be conducted in the UK. It was carried out on behalf on the British Society for Medical Mycology (BSMM) as part of the European Confederation of Medical Mycology (ECMM) epidemiological survey of candidaemia. Six hospitals in England and Wales acted as sentinel(More)