Rosemarie M. Pilpa

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The polycomb group (PcG) proteins are important in the maintenance of stable repression patterns during development. Several PcG members contain a protein protein interaction module called a SAM domain (also known as SPM, PNT and HLH). Here we report the high-resolution structure of the SAM domain of polyhomeotic (Ph). Ph-SAM forms a helical polymer(More)
The pathogen Staphylococcus aureus uses iron-regulated surface determinant (Isd) proteins to scavenge the essential nutrient iron from host hemoproteins. The IsdH protein (also known as HarA) is a receptor for hemoglobin (Hb), haptoglobin (Hp), and the Hb-Hp complex. It contains three NEAT (NEAr Transporter) domains: IsdH(N1), IsdH(N2), and IsdH(N3). Here(More)
Staphylococcus aureus scavenges heme-iron from host hemoproteins using iron-regulated surface determinant (Isd) proteins. IsdC is the central conduit through which heme is passed across the cell wall and binds this molecule using a NEAr Transporter (NEAT) domain. NMR spectroscopy was used to determine the structure of IsdC in complex with a heme analog,(More)
The N-terminal domain of HIV-1 glycoprotein 41000 (FP; residues 1--23; AVGIGALFLGFLGAAGSTMGARSCONH(2)) participates in fusion processes underlying virus--cell infection. Here, we use physical techniques to study the secondary conformation of synthetic FP in aqueous, structure-promoting, lipid and biomembrane environments. Circular dichroism and(More)
During infections the pathogen Staphylococcus aureus procures the essential nutrient iron from its host using iron-regulated surface determinant (Isd) proteins, which scavenge heme bound iron from host hemoproteins. Four Isd proteins are displayed in the cell wall, where they function as receptors for host proteins and heme. Each of the receptors contains(More)
Surface proteins in Gram-positive bacteria are anchored to the cell wall by the action of sortase enzymes. The Staphylococcus aureus sortase A (SrtA) protein anchors proteins by recognizing a cell wall sorting signal containing the amino acid sequence LPXTG. To understand how SrtA binds this sequence, we carried out NMR studies of new peptidyl-cyanoalkene(More)
Many surface proteins are anchored to the cell wall by the action of sortase enzymes, a recently discovered family of cysteine transpeptidases. As the surface proteins of human pathogens are frequently required for virulence, the sortase-mediated anchoring reaction represents a potential target for new anti-infective agents. It has been suggested that the(More)
Structural and functional studies were performed to assess the membrane actions of peptides based on HIV-1 glycoprotein 41,000 (gp41). Previous site-directed mutagenesis of gp41 has shown that amino acid changes in either the N-terminal fusion or N-leucine zipper region depressed viral infection and syncytium formation, while modifications in the C-leucine(More)
Cellular receptors can act as molecular switches, regulating the sensitivity of microbial proteins to conformational changes that promote cellular entry. The activities of these receptor-based switches are only partially understood. In this paper, we sought to understand the mechanism that underlies the activity of the ANTXR2 anthrax toxin receptor-based(More)
L-Threonine 2 was converted in seven steps into the protected aminomercaptoalcohol 8, a threonine mimic. This compound 8 was coupled to various oligopeptides to produce two different tetrapeptide analogues, for example, 11 and 17, which were shown to inhibit the Sortase enzymes (SrtA and SrtB) via covalent attachment of the thiol groups of 11 and 17 to the(More)