Rosemarie Hiestand-Nauer

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Target duplication during transposition is one of the characteristics of mobile genetic elements. IS1, a resident insertion element of Escherichia coli K-12, was known to generate a 9-base-pair target duplication, while an IS1 variant, characterized by a nucleotide substitution in one of its terminal inverted repeats, was reported to duplicate 8 base pairs(More)
Bacteriophage P1 mutants with the 8.86-kb region between the invertible C-segment and the residential IS1 element deleted from their genome are still able to grow vegetatively and to lysogenize stably, but they show several phenotypic changes. These include the formation of minute plaques due to delayed cell lysis, the abundant production of small-headed(More)
The crossover sites for site-specific C inversion consist of imperfect 12 bp inverted repeats with the dinucleotide TT at the center of symmetry. The phage P1 Cin recombinase acts not only at these cix sites but also less efficiently at cix-related sequences called quasi-cix sites, cixQ. When cixQ contains a central dinucleotide TT, crossover occurs in vivo(More)
The crossover sites for Cin-mediated inversion consist of imperfect 12 bp inverted repeats with non-palindomic dinucleotides at the center of symmetry. Inversion is believed to occur in vivo between the homologous central 2 bp crossover sequences at the inversely repeated crossover sites through introduction of 2 bp staggered cuts and subsequent reciprocal(More)
Inversion of the 4.2-kb C segment flanked by 0.6-kb inverted repeats on the bacteriophage P1 genome is mediated by the P1-encoded site-specific cin recombinase. The cin gene lies adjacent to the C segment and the C inversion cross-over sites cixL and cixR are at the external ends of the inverted repeats. We have sequenced the DNA containing the cin gene and(More)
The insertion element IS186, which resides in the chromosome of Escherichia coli K-12, is 1338 bp long. Its termini represent 23-bp perfectly inverted repeats, but a variant carries a mismatch at position 23. IS186 transposes preferentially into G + C-rich sequences and generates target duplications of variable length, even at the same integration site.
Plasmid p15B is a bacteriophage P1-related resident of Escherichia coli 15T-. Both genomes contain a segment in which DNA inversion occurs, although this part of their genomes is not identical. This DNA segment of p15B was cloned in a multicopy vector plasmid. Like its parent, the resulting plasmid, pAW800, undergoes complex multiple DNA inversions: this(More)
The bacteriophage P1-related plasmid p15B of E. coli 15T- contains a 3.5 kb long region which frequently undergoes complex rearrangements by DNA inversion. Site-specific recombination mediated by the Min DNA invertase occurs at six crossover sites and it eventually results in a population of 240 isomeric configurations of this region. We have determined(More)
The Cin recombinase is known to mediate DNA inversion between two wild-type cix sites flanking genetic determinants for the host range of bacteriophage P1. Cin can also act with low frequency at secondary (or quasi) sites (designated cixQ) that have lower homology to either wild-type site. An inversion tester sequence able to reveal novel operon fusions was(More)